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Thin-solid block and diced cartilages: the best option for dorsal augmentation using costal cartilage (an experimental study in rabbits)

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Abstract
Objectives. Costal cartilage is commonly used as a dorsal implant in Asian rhinoplasty. To achieve better outcomes, it is important to know which types of costal cartilage are most appropriate for dorsal augmentation. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate how various forms of costal cartilage affect the surrounding tissues and their resorption over time, as well as their clinical appearance, using histomorphological analysis.
Methods. Cartilage samples were collected from the anterior chest wall of 10 rabbits. Four forms of cartilage, i.e., 2-mm solid block, 1-mm solid block, diced, and crushed, were prepared and inserted into the subcutaneous tissue pockets of the nasal dorsum of each rabbit. The animals were sacrificed three and six months later, and graft specimens were examined histomorphologically using hematoxylin–eosin staining and Masson trichrome staining.
Results. Histomorphological analysis revealed various important findings of the cartilage and surrounding tissues according to the different types of costal cartilage. The thick cartilages exhibited decreased thickness compared with the thin cartilages over time (p = 0.038). Additionally, the thick cartilages showed a lower degree of vascularization than the thin cartilages at 3months (p < 0.001). A comparison of the cartilage forms revealed that the diced cartilages had better chondrocyte survival than the solid block cartilages (p < 0.001). Fat tissues were prominently observed surrounding the diced cartilages at 3 months (p = 0.01), and fibrosis was more prominently observed in the crushed cartilage than in the other types of cartilages (p = 0.04 and p = 0.005 at 3 and 6 months, respectively).
Conclusions. This study revealed differences in resorption depending on the thickness of the costal cartilage in rabbits for the first time. Among the various forms of costal cartilages, diced cartilage and thin solid block cartilage showed favorable outcomes of chondrocyte viability and growth compared with the other forms. These findings may help select the optimal type of costal cartilage for dorsal augmentation in rhinoplasty.
Author(s)
김성희
Issued Date
2022
Awarded Date
2022-02
Type
dissertation
Keyword
RhinoplastyCostal cartilageDiced cartilageResorptionThicknessViability
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/10018
http://ulsan.dcollection.net/common/orgView/200000594268
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Sung Hee
Affiliation
울산대학교
Department
일반대학원 의학과의학전공
Advisor
장용주
Degree
Doctor
Publisher
울산대학교 일반대학원 의학과의학전공
Language
eng
Rights
울산대학교 논문은 저작권에 의해 보호 받습니다.
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > 2. Theses (Ph.D)
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