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韓國의 産業디자인 發電方向에 關한 考察

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Alternative Title
A Study on the Development Direction of Industrial Design in Korea
Abstract
産業디자인의歷史가 짧은 韓國은 一般人은 물론이려니와 企業 및 産業界, 政府當局의 産業디자인에 對한 認識의 不足으로 인하여, 産業디자인의 振興 및 開發은 疎忽히 하고 外國의 量的인 生産과 수출을 통하여 經濟를 成長시켜 왔다. 오늘날 韓國經濟는 世界的인 保護貿易 傾向과 國內市場 開放壓力에 直面함으로써 製品의 國際競爭力의 强化가 解決해야 할 가장 큰 問題로 擡頭되었다.

産業디자인을 올바르게 認識하고 育成 發展시키는 것이 이 問題에 對한 하나의 解決方案이라는 關點에서 硏究를 진행하였으며, 한국의 産業디자인 發展過程의 問題點을 檢討하고, 앞으로 取해야 할 바람직한 産業디자인의 發展方向을 提示하는데 그 目的을 두었다.

연구의 結果는 다음과 같다.

産業디자인 敎育에 있어서는, 첫째로, 産業디자인 學科를 다른 學科들과 바람직한 學文的交流를 이룰 수 있는 單科大學에 所屬시켜야 한다. 둘째로, 各 大學(學部)의 特性에 맞추어 必要한 敎科目을 充實히 敎育시킬 수 있는 體系的인 敎育過程이 마련되어야 한다. 세째로 産業디자인 敎育은 最小한 4년제 大學(校)의 獨立된 學科에서 이루어져야 한다. 네째로, 必要한 機資材를 充分히 갖춘 敎育施設이 確保되어야 한다. 다섯째로, 敎授의 硏究 및 海外硏修를 積極的으로 支援해야 한다. 여섯째, 中等敎育에서부터 産業디자인의 基礎敎育이 이루어져야한다.

企業 및 産業界에서는 , 첫째로, 高位經營陳의 産業디자인에 對한 올바른 認識이 定立되어야 한다. 둘째로, 産業디자인 部署는 最高經營陳에 직속되어야 한다. 세째로 經營陳은 製品開發에 컨설던트 디자이너와 프리랜스 디자이너를 積極的으로 活用하여야 한다. 네째로, 生産指向的인 아닌 市場 및 消費者指向的인 디자인 ?蕪? 樹立하여야 한다. 다섯째로, 外國市場을 調査하거나 先進國의 企業, 敎育機關, 硏究所에서 硏修할 수 있도록 定期的으로 産業디자이너를 外國에 派遣하여야 한다.

政府當局과 産業디자인振興機關들은, 첫째로, 産業디자인에 對한 汎國家的인 弘報를 하여야 한다. 둘째로, 디자인 著作權에 對하여 積極的으로 弘報하고, 各界에 産業디자인 情報를 提供하여야 한다. 세째로, 産業디자이너 뿐만 아니라 企業의 經營者 및 엔지니어, 政府機關의 行政官, 産業디자인 振興機關의 硏究員을 위한 長期的인 敎育 및 硏修 프로그램을 計劃하여 實行하여야 한다. 네째로, 自營 産業디자인 事務室의 開設을 奬勵하고 支援하여야 한다.

産業디자인 協會들은, 첫째로, 産業디자이너 倫理規定과 産業디자인 契約規定을 制定하여 施行토록 해야 한다. 둘째로, 國家政策에 産業디자인을 反映시킬 수 있도록 積極的인 努力을 기울여야 한다.
In Korea who has a short history of industrial design, because the managers in companies or industries and the officers in the Government authorities as well as the general public have had little understanding of industrial design, they have neglected promoting and developing industrial design, and have grown their economy through the quantitative production and export of low-cost products of bad quality which were imitated foreign products of good design and quality.

Today, since Korean economy is faced with the world-wide trend of protective trade and with the open-door pressure of home market, it becomes the most important problem to be solved to strengthen international competitive power of products.

This paper is studied from the viewpoint that the correct understanding, cultivation and development of industrial design are the solutions to the problems. The purpose of this paper is to examine the problems of development process of industrial design in Korea and to present a desirable development direction of industrial design to be taken.

The result of this study can be summarized as follows.

In industrial design education, firstly, the department of industrial design should belong to a college(or faculty) to interchange desirably of the studies between industrial design and others. Secondly, a systematic curriculum should be made for the substantial education of requisite subjects in accordance with the characteristic of each college(of faculty). Thirdly, industrial design education should be carried out just at the independant depertment in the college(or university) of at least 4 years. Fourthly, the education facilities should be secured with the sufficient machine supplies and materials. Fifthly, the study and training of the professor should be supported actively. Sixthly, the basics of industial design should be educated from the secondary education, and the college(or university) authority should change the current subjects for entrance examination.

In companies and industries, firstly, the senior managers should understand correctly industrial design. Sencondly, the department of industrial design should be under direct control of the top manager. Thirdly, the mangers should put to practical use of consultant designers and freelancer designers on the develpment of products positively. Fourthly, the design policy should not be taken the aim at the production but at the market and consumer .Fifthly, the managers should send industrial designers abroad for the research of foreign markets or for the training at companies, education institution, or research institutes in advanced nations periodically.

The government authority and institutions for the promotion of industrial design, firstly, should put in force the public relations to industrial design pan-nationally. Sencondly, they should put in effect positively the public relations to design copyright and should make an offer the information of industrial design to every field. Thirdly, they should plan and execute an long-term education and training program for managers and engineers in companies, executive officials in the government offices, and researchers in the institution for the promotion of industrial design as well as industrial designers. Fourthly, they should encourge and support industrial designers to do business independantly.

Associations of industrial designers, firstly, should establish and execute an regulation to be defind the ethics of industrial designers and the contract between industrial designers and clients. Secondly, they should make every possible efforts to reflect industrial design in national policy.
In Korea who has a short history of industrial design, because the managers in companies or industries and the officers in the Government authorities as well as the general public have had little understanding of industrial design, they have neglected promoting and developing industrial design, and have grown their economy through the quantitative production and export of low-cost products of bad quality which were imitated foreign products of good design and quality.

Today, since Korean economy is faced with the world-wide trend of protective trade and with the open-door pressure of home market, it becomes the most important problem to be solved to strengthen international competitive power of products.

This paper is studied from the viewpoint that the correct understanding, cultivation and development of industrial design are the solutions to the problems. The purpose of this paper is to examine the problems of development process of industrial design in Korea and to present a desirable development direction of industrial design to be taken.

The result of this study can be summarized as follows.

In industrial design education, firstly, the department of industrial design should belong to a college(or faculty) to interchange desirably of the studies between industrial design and others. Secondly, a systematic curriculum should be made for the substantial education of requisite subjects in accordance with the characteristic of each college(of faculty). Thirdly, industrial design education should be carried out just at the independant depertment in the college(or university) of at least 4 years. Fourthly, the education facilities should be secured with the sufficient machine supplies and materials. Fifthly, the study and training of the professor should be supported actively. Sixthly, the basics of industial design should be educated from the secondary education, and the college(or university) authority should change the current subjects for entrance examination.

In companies and industries, firstly, the senior managers should understand correctly industrial design. Sencondly, the department of industrial design should be under direct control of the top manager. Thirdly, the mangers should put to practical use of consultant designers and freelancer designers on the develpment of products positively. Fourthly, the design policy should not be taken the aim at the production but at the market and consumer .Fifthly, the managers should send industrial designers abroad for the research of foreign markets or for the training at companies, education institution, or research institutes in advanced nations periodically.

The government authority and institutions for the promotion of industrial design, firstly, should put in force the public relations to industrial design pan-nationally. Sencondly, they should put in effect positively the public relations to design copyright and should make an offer the information of industrial design to every field. Thirdly, they should plan and execute an long-term education and training program for managers and engineers in companies, executive officials in the government offices, and researchers in the institution for the promotion of industrial design as well as industrial designers. Fourthly, they should encourge and support industrial designers to do business independantly.

Associations of industrial designers, firstly, should establish and execute an regulation to be defind the ethics of industrial designers and the contract between industrial designers and clients. Secondly, they should make every possible efforts to reflect industrial design in national policy.
Author(s)
金寬培
Issued Date
1988
Type
Research Laboratory
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/4832
http://ulsan.dcollection.net/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000002025028
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Kwan-Bae
Publisher
연구논문집
Language
kor
Rights
울산대학교 저작물은 저작권에 의해 보호받습니다.
Citation Volume
19
Citation Number
1
Citation Start Page
319
Citation End Page
339
Appears in Collections:
Research Laboratory > University of Ulsan Report
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