장내 뮤신 분해균인 Akkermansia muciniphila가 상피 세포의 발달에 미치는 영향과 기전
- Mucin-degrading bacteria are densely populated in the intestinal epithelium
however, their interaction with intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and their progeny have not been elucidated. To determine whether mucin-degrading bacteria play a role in gut homeostasis, mice were treated with Akkermansia muciniphila, a specialized species that degrades mucin. Administration of A. muciniphila for 4 weeks accelerated the proliferation of Lgr5+ ISCs and promoted the differentiation of Paneth cells and goblet cells in the small intestine (SI). I found similar effects of A. muciniphila in the colon. The levels of acetic and propionic acids were higher in the cecal contents of A. muciniphila-treated mice than in PBS-treated mice. SI organoids treated with cecal contents obtained from A. muciniphila-treated mice were larger and could be diminished by treatment with G protein-coupled receptor (Gpr) 41/43 antagonists. Pre-treatment of mice with A. muciniphila reduced gut damage caused by radiation and methotrexate. Further, a novel isotype of the A. muciniphila strain was isolated from heathy human feces that showed enhanced function in intestinal epithelial regeneration. These findings suggest that mucin-degrading bacteria (e.g., A. muciniphila) may play a crucial role in promoting ISC-mediated epithelial development and contribute to intestinal homeostasis maintenance.
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- Gut microbiota; Akkermansia muciniphila; Intestinal stem cells; Epithelial development
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