Short-term tolerability and effectiveness of methotrexate monotherapy in adult patients with Crohn's disease: a retrospective study
- Introduction: Immunomodulators remain fundamental for the medical treatment of Crohn's disease (CD). Methotrexate (MTX) is widely used as a second-line immunomodulator; however, there is a lack of recent data on MTX monotherapy among the Asian population with CD. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the tolerability and clinical outcomes of MTX in Korean patients with CD. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for CD patients treated with MTX monotherapy or in combination with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. The tolerability of MTX monotherapy within 6 months was assessed and the clinical effectiveness of MTX was evaluated based on the Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI). Results: In total, 85 patients were included, of which 29 (34.1%) discontinued MTX due to intolerability during the follow-up. Adverse events (AEs) were reported in 41 (48.2%) patients. The most common AE was gastrointestinal disorders (17/41) and only one patient experienced a serious AE, a systemic infection that required hospitalization. Among the 56 patients who tolerated MTX within 6 months, 44 (65.9%) showed a clinical response. Moreover, no factor was significantly associated with intolerability. The administration method was the only factor significantly associated with a response to MTX (p = 0.041). The adjusted odds ratio of parenteral injection compared to oral administration was 5.68 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-30.08). Conclusion: In this study, one-third of patients were intolerant to MTX; nonetheless, the response rate was as high as 65.9% among tolerant patients. In addition, no significant factors affected intolerability. In terms of the clinical response, parenteral injection could be better than oral administration.
- 김규원; 명승재; 박상형; 박진화; 변정식; 양동훈; 양석균; 예병덕; 오경환; 이재용; 홍승욱; 홍희승; 황성욱
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- Crohn’s disease; inflammatory bowel disease; methotrexate
- THERAPEUTIC ADVANCES IN GASTROENTEROLOGY
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