PINK1 Inhibits Multimeric Aggregation and Signaling of MAVS and MAVS-Dependent Lung Pathology
- Mitochondria have emerged as important signaling organelles where intracellular perturbations are integrated and, consequently, intracellular signaling pathways are modulated to execute appropriate cellular functions. MAVS (mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein) represents such an example that functions as a platform molecule to mediate mitochondrial innate immune signaling. Recently, multimeric aggregation of MAVS has been identified as a key molecular process for its signaling. The underlying mechanisms to regulate this, however, are still incompletely understood. We hypothesized that PINK1 (PTEN-induced kinase 1) plays an important role in the regulation of multimeric MAVS aggregation and its consequent pathobiology. To test whether PINK1 interacts with MAVS, bimolecular fluorescence complementation analysis and IP were performed. RLH (RIG-I-like helicase) and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling were evaluated by in vitro assay. In vivo functional significance of PINK1 in the regulation of MAVS signaling was evaluated from both murine modeling of influenza viral infection and bleomycin-induced experimental pulmonary fibrosis, wherein MAVS plays important roles. Multimeric MAVS aggregation was induced by mitochondria dysfunction, and, during this event, the stabilized PINK1 interacted physically with MAVS and antagonized multimeric MAVS aggregation. Accordingly, the MAVS-mediated antiviral innate immune and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling were enhanced in PINK1 deficiency. In addition, in vivo studies revealed that MAVS-mediated pulmonary antiviral innate immune responses and fibrotic responses after bleomycin injury were enhanced in PINK1 deficiency. In conclusion, these results establish a new role of PINK1 in the regulation of MAVS signaling and the consequent pulmonary pathobiology.
- 이세원; Chang Min Yoon; Charles S Dela Cruz; Hyeon Jun Shin; Lokesh Sharma; Min-Jong Kang; Sang-Hun Kim
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- MAVS aggregation; PTEN‐induced kinase 1; inflammasomes; mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein; mitochondrial signaling
- AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
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