Radiomics approach for survival prediction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Objectives To apply radiomics analysis for overall survival prediction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and evaluate the performance of the radiomics signature (RS). Methods This study included 344 patients from the Korean Obstructive Lung Disease (KOLD) cohort. External validation was performed on a cohort of 112 patients. In total, 525 chest CT-based radiomics features were semi-automatically extracted. The five most useful features for survival prediction were selected by least absolute shrinkage and selection operation (LASSO) Cox regression analysis and used to generate a RS. The ability of the RS for classifying COPD patients into high or low mortality risk groups was evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Results The five features remaining after the LASSO analysis were %LAA(-950), AWT_Pi10_6(th), AWT_Pi10_heterogeneity, %WA_heterogeneity, and VA(18mm). The RS demonstrated a C-index of 0.774 in the discovery group and 0.805 in the validation group. Patients with a RS greater than 1.053 were classified into the high-risk group and demonstrated worse overall survival than those in the low-risk group in both the discovery (log-rank test, < 0.001; hazard ratio [HR], 5.265) and validation groups (log-rank test, < 0.001; HR, 5.223). For both groups, RS was significantly associated with overall survival after adjustments for patient age and body mass index. Conclusions A radiomics approach for survival prediction and risk stratification in COPD patients is feasible, and the constructed radiomics model demonstrated acceptable performance. The RS derived from chest CT data of COPD patients was able to effectively identify those at increased risk of mortality.
- 김남국; 서준범; 오연목; 이상도; 이상민; 이재승; Choo-Khoom Ong; Jeong Eun Hwang; Jihye Yun; Li-Cher Loh; Young Hoon Cho
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- Analysis; Chest; Diagnostic Radiology; Imaging; Intenal Medicine; Interventional Radiology; Lung diseases; Obstructive; Medical research; Medicine; Medicine & Public Health; Medicine; Experimental; Neuroradiology; Radiology; Ultrasound
- EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
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