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The Value of F-18-FDG PET/CT in Evaluating Disease Severity and Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients

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Abstract
Background: Several parameters are useful for assessing disease severity in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); however, the role of F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18-FDG PET/CT) is not well-defined. We aimed to evaluate the value of F-18-FDG PET/CT for assessing disease severity and prognosis in IPF patients.

Methods: Clinical data of 89 IPF patients (mean age: 68.1 years, male: 94%) who underwent F-18-FDG PET/CT for evaluation of lung nodules or cancer staging were retrospectively reviewed. Mean and maximal standardized uptake values (SUVmean, SUVmax, respectively) were measured in the fibrotic area. Adjusted SUV, including SUV ratio (SUVR, defined as SUVmax-to-liver SUVmean ratio), tissue fraction- corrected SUVmean (SUVmeanTF), and SUVR (SUVRTF), and tissue-to-blood ratio (SUVmax/SUVmean venous; TBRblood) were obtained. Death was defined as the primary outcome, and associations between other clinical parameters (lung function, exercise capacity, C-reactive protein [CRP] level) were also investigated.

Results: All SUV parameters were inversely correlated with the forced vital capacity, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, and positively correlated with CRP level and the gender-age-physiology index. The SUVmean, SUVmax, and SUVmeanTF were associated with changes in lung function at six months. The SUVR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.738; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.011-2.991), SUVRTF (HR, 1.441; 95% CI, 1.000-2.098), and TBRblood (HR, 1.377; 95% CI, 1.038-1.827) were significant predictors for mortality in patients with IPF in the univariate analysis, but not in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: F-18-FDG PET/CT may provide additional information on the disease severity and prognosis in IPF patients, and the SUVR may be superior to other SUV parameters.
Author(s)
류진숙송진우Hee-Young YoonSejin HaSuk Hyun Lee
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Idiopathic Pulmonary FibrosisPositron Emission Tomography/Computed TomographySeverity of Illness IndexStandard Uptake Value
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e257
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7163
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_9873280&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,The%20Value%20of%20F-18-FDG%20PET%2FCT%20in%20Evaluating%20Disease%20Severity%20and%20Prognosis%20in%20Idiopathic%20Pulmonary%20Fibrosis%20Patients&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
Location
대한민국
Language
영어
ISSN
1011-8934
Citation Volume
36
Citation Number
41
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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