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Chronic Viral Hepatitis Is Associated with Colorectal Neoplasia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Abstract
Background Chronic viral hepatitis is associated with a wide range of extrahepatic diseases; however, evidence on a link between chronic viral hepatitis and colorectal neoplasia is still lacking.

Aims To analyze the association between chronic viral hepatitis and prevalence of colorectal neoplasia.

Methods A systematic review of articles published in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library between 2000 and 2020 was performed. Subgroup analyses based on the types of colorectal neoplasia and the etiology of chronic viral hepatitis were conducted.

Results Twelve eligible studies with 48,428 hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients and 46,561 hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients were included. Chronic viral hepatitis was significantly associated with an increased risk of both colorectal adenoma (odds ratio [OR], 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-2.02; I-2 = 83%) and colorectal cancer (CRC) (OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.08-1.61; I-2 = 94%). The etiology of chronic viral hepatitis was an independent factor related to heterogeneity for CRC subgroup analysis revealed an increased risk of CRC in both HBV (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.09-1.27; I-2 = 37%) and HCV (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.78-1.97; I-2 = 0%). HCV was associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.22-1.79; I-2 = 0%); however, HBV was not associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma and had considerable heterogeneity (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 0.88-3.09; I-2 = 90%).

Conclusion Our meta-analysis showed that chronic viral hepatitis is associated with an increased risk of colorectal neoplasia. The strategy of stricter screening colonoscopy may benefit from patients with chronic viral hepatitis.
Author(s)
홍승욱최원묵황하원김대성윤지영이진욱심주현양동훈명승재양석균변정식
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Chronic hepatitis BChronic hepatitis CColorectal adenomaColorectal cancerScreening colonoscopy
DOI
10.1007/s10620-020-06745-x
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7176
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2477263342&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Chronic%20Viral%20Hepatitis%20Is%20Associated%20with%20Colorectal%20Neoplasia:%20A%20Systematic%20Review%20and%20Meta-Analysis&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
0163-2116
Citation Volume
66
Citation Number
11
Citation Start Page
3715
Citation End Page
3724
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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