Chronic Viral Hepatitis Is Associated with Colorectal Neoplasia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
- Background Chronic viral hepatitis is associated with a wide range of extrahepatic diseases; however, evidence on a link between chronic viral hepatitis and colorectal neoplasia is still lacking.
Aims To analyze the association between chronic viral hepatitis and prevalence of colorectal neoplasia.
Methods A systematic review of articles published in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library between 2000 and 2020 was performed. Subgroup analyses based on the types of colorectal neoplasia and the etiology of chronic viral hepatitis were conducted.
Results Twelve eligible studies with 48,428 hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients and 46,561 hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients were included. Chronic viral hepatitis was significantly associated with an increased risk of both colorectal adenoma (odds ratio [OR], 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-2.02; I-2 = 83%) and colorectal cancer (CRC) (OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.08-1.61; I-2 = 94%). The etiology of chronic viral hepatitis was an independent factor related to heterogeneity for CRC subgroup analysis revealed an increased risk of CRC in both HBV (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.09-1.27; I-2 = 37%) and HCV (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.78-1.97; I-2 = 0%). HCV was associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.22-1.79; I-2 = 0%); however, HBV was not associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma and had considerable heterogeneity (OR, 1.65; 95% CI, 0.88-3.09; I-2 = 90%).
Conclusion Our meta-analysis showed that chronic viral hepatitis is associated with an increased risk of colorectal neoplasia. The strategy of stricter screening colonoscopy may benefit from patients with chronic viral hepatitis.
- 홍승욱; 최원묵; 황하원; 김대성; 윤지영; 이진욱; 심주현; 양동훈; 명승재; 양석균; 변정식
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- Chronic hepatitis B; Chronic hepatitis C; Colorectal adenoma; Colorectal cancer; Screening colonoscopy
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