Long-Term Clinical Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance in Stenting for Left Main Coronary Artery Disease
- BACKGROUND: Compared with angiographic guidance, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with better clinical outcomes. However, its very long-term clinical effect is still unclear in patients undergoing PCI for unprotected left main coronary artery disease.
METHODS: To compare 10-year outcomes of IVUS-guided versus angiography-guided PCI for left main coronary artery disease, we evaluated 975 patients who underwent unprotected left main coronary artery PCI between January 2000 and June 2006 from the MAIN-COMPARE (The Revascularization for Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Stenosis: Comparison of Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty Versus Surgical Revascularization) registry. The 10-year rates of clinical outcomes (death; the composite of death, Q-wave myocardial infarction [MI], or stroke; and target-vessel revascularization) were compared between IVUS guidance and angiography guidance. Adjusted analyses were performed with the use of inverse-probability-treatment-weighting and propensity score matching.
RESULTS: Among the 975 patients, 756 (77.5%) had IVUS guidance. The observed 10-year incidence rate of death (16.4% versus 31.0%, P<0.001) and composite of death, Q-wave MI, or stroke (19.2% versus 32.9%, P<0.001) was significantly lower in the IVUS-guided than in the angiography-guided group. The 10-year incidence rate of target-vessel revascularization was similar between the 2 groups (21.8% versus 18.3%, P=0.41). After adjusting for potential confounders with inverse-probability-treatment-weighting, IVUS was associated with lower incidence of mortality (hazard ratio, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.55-1.03]; P=0.07) and composite of death, Q-wave MI, or stroke (hazard ratio, 0.79 [95% CI, 0.59-1.06]; P=0.11). In 208 propensity score-matched pairs, IVUS was also associated with lower incidence of death (hazard ratio, 0.73 [95% CI, 0.53-1.02]; P=0.07) and composite outcome of death, Q-wave MI, or stroke (hazard ratio, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.52-0.97]; P=0.03). The benefit of IVUS-guided PCI was consistent in the various subsets of clinical and anatomic characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing PCI for unprotected left main coronary artery disease, IVUS-guided PCI compared with angiography-guided PCI was associated with lower long-term (10-year) risks of morality and composite of death, Q-wave MI, or stroke.
- 강도윤; 김태오; 박덕우; 박상우; 박성욱; 박승정; 박한빛; 안정민; 윤성철; 이승환; 이필형; 조상철
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- Cardiology; Coronary hear disease; Medical colleges; Stent (Surgery)
- CIRCULATION-CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS
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