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Postoperative Pulmonary Complications after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation under Monitored Anesthesia Care versus General Anesthesia: Retrospective Analysis at a Single Large Volume Center

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Abstract
Few studies to date have assessed the postoperative pulmonary complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) according to the anesthesia method. The present study aims to compare the effects of general anesthesia (GA) or monitored anesthesia care (MAC) on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI. This retrospective cohort study included 578 patients who underwent TAVI through the trans-femoral approach between August 2011 and May 2019 at a single tertiary academic center. The primary outcome was postoperative pulmonary complications, which were defined as the occurrence of one or more pulmonary complications, such as respiratory failure, respiratory infection, and radiologic findings, within 7 days after TAVI. Secondary outcomes included postoperative delirium, all-cause 30-day mortality rate, 30-day readmission rate, reoperation rate, vascular complications, permanent pacemaker/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator insertion, length of stay in the ICU, hospital stay, and incidence of stroke. Of the 589 patients, 171 underwent TAVI under general anesthesia (GA), and 418 under monitored anesthesia care (MAC). The incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications was significantly higher in the GA than in the MAC group (17.0% vs. 5.3%, p < 0.001). Anesthetic method significantly affected the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications, but not of delirium. ICU stay was significantly shorter in the MAC group, as were operation time, the volume of fluid administered during surgery, heparin dose, transfusion, and inotrope requirements. TAVI under MAC can increase the efficiency of medical resources, reducing the lengths of ICU stay and the occurrence of postoperative pulmonary complications, compared with TAVI under GA.
Author(s)
이상욱이상호함경돈
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
conscious sedationtransc
DOI
10.3390/jcm10225365
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7296
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_doaj_primary_oai_doaj_org_article_389dd22bc5d845d980cd168d14502f50&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Postoperative%20Pulmonary%20Complications%20after%20Transcatheter%20Aortic%20Valve%20Implantation%20under%20Monitored%20Anesthesia%20Care%20versus%20General%20Anesthesia:%20Retrospective%20Analysis%20at%20a%20Single%20Large%20Volume%20Center&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
Location
스위스
Language
영어
ISSN
2077-0383
Citation Volume
10
Citation Number
22
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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