CT-determined resectability of borderline resectable and unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma following FOLFIRINOX therapy
- Objectives: We aimed to assess the ability of CT-determined resectability, as defined by a recent version of NCCN criteria, and associated CT findings to predict margin-negative (R0) resection in patients with PDAC after neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy. Methods: Sixty-four patients (36 men and 28 women; mean age, 58.8?years) with borderline resectable or unresectable PDAC who received neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX were evaluated retrospectively. CT findings were independently assessed by two abdominal radiologists according to NCCN criteria (version 3. 2019). Tumor resectability was classified as resectable, borderline resectable, or unresectable, and change in resectability was classified as regression, stability, or progression. The associations of R0 resection rate with CT-determined resectability and change in resectability categories were evaluated, as were the sensitivity and specificity of NCCN criteria for R0 resection. Factors associated with R0 resection were identified by logistic regression analysis. Results: R0 resection rate did not differ significantly among the resectable, borderline resectable, or unresectable PDAC (67?73%, p = 0.95) or among PDAC with regression, stability, or progression (56?77%, p = 0.39). The sensitivity and specificity for R0 resection were 67% and 37%, respectively, for resectability (resectable/borderline vs. unresectable) and 80% and 21%, respectively, for changes in resectability (regression/stable vs. progression). Low-contrast enhancement of soft tissue contacting artery (≤ 46.4 HU) was independently associated with R0 resection (p = 0.01). Conclusion: CT-determined resectability after neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy was relatively insensitive and non-specific for predicting R0 resection. Low-contrast enhancement of soft tissue contacting artery may increase the ability of CT to predict R0 resection. Key Points: ? Margin-negative resection rate of pancreatic cancer following FOLFIRINOX therapy did not differ among each resectability (67?73%, p = 0.95) based on NCCN criteria or changes in resectability categories (56?77%, p = 0.39). ? The sensitivity and specificity for margin-negative resection were 67% and 37% for resectability (resectable/borderline vs. unresectable) and 80% and 21% for changes in resectability (regression/stable vs. progression). ? Low-contrast enhancement of soft tissue contacting artery (≤ 46.4 HU) was independently associated with margin-negative resection (p = 0.01).
- 장종건; 변재호; 강지훈; 손정희; 김진희; 이승수; 김형중; 유창훈; 김규표; 홍승모; 서동완; 김송철; 이문규
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- Pancreatic neoplasm; Neoadjuvant therapy; Diagnosis; Pancreatectomy; Neoplasm staging
- EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
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