Reliability of Skeletal Muscle Area Measurement on CT with Different Parameters: A Phantom Study
- Objective: To evaluate the reliability of CT measurements of muscle quantity and quality using variable CT parameters.
Materials and Methods: A phantom, simulating the L2-4 vertebral levels, was used for this study. CT images were repeatedly acquired with modulation of tube voltage, tube current, slice thickness, and the image reconstruction algorithm. Reference standard muscle compartments were obtained from the reference maps of the phantom. Cross-sectional area based on the Hounsfield unit (HU) thresholds of muscle and its components, and the mean density of the reference standard muscle compartment, were used to measure the muscle quantity and quality using different CT protocols. Signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) were calculated in the images acquired with different settings.
Results: The skeletal muscle area (threshold,-29 to 150 HU) was constant, regardless of the protocol, occupying at least 91.7% of the reference standard muscle compartment. Conversely, normal attenuation muscle area (30-150 HU) was not constant in the different protocols, varying between 59.7% and 81.7% of the reference standard muscle compartment. The mean density was lower than the target density stated by the manufacturer (45 HU) in all cases (range, 39.0-44.9 HU). The SNR decreased with low tube voltage, low tube current, and in sections with thin slices, whereas it increased when the iterative reconstruction algorithm was used.
Conclusion: Measurement of muscle quantity using HU threshold was reliable, regardless of the CT protocol used. Conversely, the measurement of muscle quality using the mean density and narrow HU thresholds were inconsistent and inaccurate across different CT protocols. Therefore, further studies are warranted in future to determine the optimal CT protocols for reliable measurements of muscle quality.
- 김동욱; 하지연; 고유선; 김경원; 박태용; 이정진; 유명원; 윤권하; 박지용; 기영진; 김홍규
- Issued Date
- Computed tomography; Muscle measurement; Phantom; Sarcopenia
- KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
- Citation Volume
- Citation Number
- Citation Start Page
- Citation End Page
Appears in Collections:
- Medicine > Medicine
- Authorize & License
- Files in This Item:
Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.