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Correlation of tumor response on CT with pathologically proven necrosis in hepatocellular carcinoma treated by conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolization: threshold value of intratumoral Lipiodol accumulation predicting tumor necrosis

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Abstract
Abstract
Purpose To evaluate associations between pathology and CT assessments made according to the mRECIST in HCC treated
by conventional TACE (cTACE), and to identify predictors of complete tumor necrosis.
Methods From March 2016 to July 2018, 83 patients with a total of 100 masses were retrospectively included. Patients
underwent sequential cTACE and portal vein embolization, and later hepatic surgery. Evaluation of treatment response and
measurement of baseline lipiodol accumulation as mean HU was performed on CT at the time point closest to the time of
operation (mean, 54.5 days after cTACE). Signifcant predictors associated with complete necrosis were identifed by multivariate analysis. The optimal cut-of HU value of lipiodol accumulation for prediction of complete necrosis was determined
using a ROC analysis.
Results According to mRECIST, complete response (CR, n=70) and partial response (n=30) were classifed. 34.3% (24/70)
masses classifed as CR according to mRECIST were found to have viable lesions on pathology. On multivariate analysis,
mean HU of lipiodol accumulation was the only signifcant predictor of complete necrosis (p=.003, odds ratio 1.746, 95%
CI 1.201?2.539). On ROC analysis, 460 HU as a cut-of value was signifcantly associated with complete necrosis (67.4%
sensitivity, 75.0% specifcity).
Conclusions A threshold value for lipiodol accumulation>460 HU was highly sensitive and specifc for complete necrosis,
even in complete response according to mRECIST. Therefore, if lipiodol accumulation is insufcient in post-TACE CT,
recurrence should be monitored more sensitively.
Author(s)
박찬권동일추희호김종우김진형고기영
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Hepatocellular carcinomaTACEmRECISTResponse assessmentLipiodolNecrosis
DOI
10.1007/s00261-020-02845-4
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7406
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2457283303&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Correlation%20of%20tumor%20response%20on%20CT%20with%20pathologically%20proven%20necrosis%20in%20hepatocellular%20carcinoma%20treated%20by%20conventional%20transcatheter%20arterial%20chemoembolization:%20threshold%20value%20of%20intratumoral%20Lipiodol%20accumulation%20predicting%20tumor%20necrosis&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
2366-004X
Citation Volume
46
Citation Number
8
Citation Start Page
3729
Citation End Page
3737
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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