Updated systematic review and meta-analysis on diagnostic issues and the prognostic impact of myosteatosis: A new paradigm beyond sarcopenia
- Myosteatosis, which is excessive fat infiltration in the skeletal muscle, is now considered a distinct disease from sarcopenia. Advances in imaging technique have made muscle parameters an evaluable biomarker, and many studies have proved association between myosteatosis and aging or disease process. However, the diagnosis and clinical impact of myosteatosis have not been well established. Thus, we aim to provide a systematic summary with a qualitive review of 73 eligible studies regarding these issues. First, the most widely used modality to diagnose myosteatosis is abdominal computed tomography, based on evaluation of the muscle radiodensity of the total abdominal muscle area predominantly at the L3 vertebral level. However, there was significant het-erogeneity in the diagnostic methods and cutoff values used to diagnose myosteatosis (32 different cutoff values among 73 studies). Second, the clinical impact of myosteatosis on prognosis was very straightforward, and most studies have shown a negative impact of myosteatosis on overall survival and complications related to underlying diseases. However, the mechanism of the myosteatosis on mortality has not been explored well, and metabolic dysfunction (i.e. insulin resistance, systemic inflammation) would be a possible explanation. Providing systemic review of current issues can elucidate future directions for developing standardized diagnosis and management of myosteatosis.
- 안혜민; 김동욱; 고유선; 하지연; 신영빈; 이지우; 성유섭; 김경원
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- Cross-sectional imaging; CT imaging; Diagnosis; Health aspects; Insulin resistance; Medical colleges; Medical research; Medicine; Experimental; Muscle; Muscles; Myosteatosis; Prognosis; Sarcopenia; Standardization
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