Longitudinal Changes in Body Composition of Long-Term Survivors of Pancreatic Head Cancer and Factors Affecting the Changes
- Previous studies on changes in body composition of pancreatic cancer patients have only focused on short-term survivors. We studied longitudinal body composition changes and factors affecting them in long-term survivors by analyzing many abdominal computed tomography images using artificial intelligence technology. Of 302 patients who survived for >36 months after surgery were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis for factors affecting body composition changes and repeated-measures analysis of variance to observe differences in the course of change according to each factor were performed. In logistic analysis, preoperative sarcopenia and recurrence were the main factors influencing body composition changes at 1 and 3 years after surgery, respectively. In changes of longitudinal body composition, the decrease in body composition was the greatest at 3-6 months postoperatively, and the preoperative status did not recover even 3 years after surgery. Especially, males showed a greater reduction in skeletal muscle (SKM) after surgery than females (p < 0.01). In addition, SKM (p < 0.001) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (p < 0.05) mass rapidly decreased in case of recurrence. In conclusion, long-term survivors of pancreatic cancer did not recover their preoperative body composition status, and preoperative sarcopenia and recurrence influenced body composition changes.
- 공현호; 김경원; 고유선; 김송철; 이재훈; 송기병; 황대욱; 김원
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- pancreatic neoplasms; surgery; body composition; sarcopenia; recurrence
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
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