Is fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity correlated with hemoglobin levels in cases of nonimmune fetal anemia?
Objectives To establish whether a correlation exists between the fetal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA PSV) and fetal hemoglobin levels before intrauterine transfusion (IUT) in cases of severe fetal anemia.
Methods This was a single-center, retrospective study of data from 49 fetuses treated with IUT for fetal anemia between 2003 and 2018. Severe fetal anemia was suspected when MCA PSV was or exceeded 1.55 multiples of the median.
Results The causes of anemia were largely idiopathic, and the overall survival rate was 57%. MCA PSV and hemoglobin were correlated in all 34 fetuses with alloimmune fetal anemia, whereas the 15 fetuses with nonimmune causes showed no correlation. Of the 15 noncorrelated cases, twin pregnancy was most common, followed by idiopathic causes. All the twin pregnancies involved monochorionic twins. Fetal hydrops, especially ascites, was significantly associated with severe anemia.
Conclusions Fetal MCA PSV may not be a reliable independent factor for the diagnosis of severe fetal anemia in nonimmune cases, and the presence of associated hydrops implies that the fetus is more likely to have severe fetal anemia than in a fetus without hydrops.
- 이주희; 이미영; 원혜성; 장원규; 남소현; 정상희; 최희화
- Issued Date
- Anemia; cord blood sampling; cordocentesis; fetal therapies; fetal transfusion; intrauterine transfusion; middle cerebral artery
- Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
- Citation Volume
- Citation Start Page
- Citation End Page
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