Recent improvement in survival outcomes and reappraisal of prognostic factors in hepatoblastoma
- Background Prognostic factors in hepatoblastoma need to be reevaluated considering the advances in treatment modalities. The study aimed to evaluate current outcomes of hepatoblastoma and reappraise the association of prognostic factors, including pre-treatment extent of tumor (PRETEXT) stage with annotation factors and Children's Hepatic tumors International Collaboration-Hepatoblastoma Stratification (CHIC-HS) system, with survival outcomes.
Methods We evaluated 103 consecutive patients with hepatoblastoma retrospectively according to the treatment period based on the introduction of a liver transplantation program.
Results The 5-year overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), and transplant-free survival rates were 80.2%, 74.2%, and 61.8%, respectively. EFS and OS were improved significantly from 58.6% to 81.6% (P = 0.024) and from 58.6% to 90.8% (P < 0.001), respectively, in the late period (N = 74) compared with the early period (N = 29). The PRETEXT stage was significant or marginally significant for EFS and OS in the early period but not in the late period. The P, F, R, and C factors were significant for OS and EFS in the early period. However, in the late period, only the P factor was significant for OS, and the F and M factors were significant for EFS. The CHIC-HS system was significant or marginally significant for EFS in both the early and late periods; however, it was significant for OS only in the early period.
Conclusion Survival rates were significantly improved in children with hepatoblastoma, especially in those with advanced PRETEXT stages with positive annotation factors and in a high-risk CHIC-HS group. Prognostic factors had different clinical implications with evolved treatment modalities.
- 고경남; 남궁정만; 윤희망; 조영아; 최세훈; 신주희; 강성한; 서진경; 김혜리; 오석희; 김경모; 김대연; 임호준
- Issued Date
- CHIC-HS; PRETEXT; hepatoblastoma; pediatric; prognostic factor
- CANCER MEDICINE
- Citation Volume
- Citation Number
- Citation Start Page
- Citation End Page
Appears in Collections:
- Medicine > Medicine
- Authorize & License
- Files in This Item:
Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.