Neurological and clinical status from early time point to long-term follow-up after in-hospital cardiac arrest
- Aim: We aimed to evaluate neurological profiles of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) from early time points to long-term follow-up periods.
Methods: For this prospective cohort study, we established a neurological rapid response team, and serially evaluated the neurological status of patients with IHCA from the initial resuscitation to 12 months after the onset of IHCA. The primary outcome was good neurological status defined as a Clinical Performance Category score of 1 similar to 2 at 12 months after IHCA. The secondary outcomes included the awakening and neurological recovery during the first week, the survival and neurological status at hospital discharge, and the survival at 12 months.
Results: A total of 291 adult patients with IHCA were included. On the first day and during the first week after IHCA, the awakening was achieved in 61 (21.0 %) and 119 patients (40.9 %), respectively; and neurological recovery in 12 (4.1 %) and 46 patients (15.8 %), respectively. Epileptic seizures developed in 9.7 % following restoration of spontaneous circulation. At hospital discharge, 106 patients (36.4 %) had survived; among them, 63.2 % showed good neurological status. At 12 months, 63 (21.6 %) patients survived; among them, 81.7 % showed good neurological status (17.0 % among all patients with IHCA). Of patients without awakening during the first 3 and 7 days, 2.7 % and 1.2 % showed good neurological status at 12 months, respectively.
Conclusions: Among patients with IHCA, awakening and neurological recovery were remarkable throughout the first week. Survival and good neurological status were substantial at 12 months after IHCA.
- 김영학; 김원영; 박보빈; 이현조; 전상범; 최소현; 홍상범; 홍윤희
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- Cardiac arrest; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Heart arrest; Hospital mortality; Hospitals; Medical colleges; Seizures (Medicine)
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