Treatment outcome and prognostic factors of Korean patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a multicenter retrospective study
- Background/Aims: Compared with Western countries, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) rarely occurs in Asia and has different clinical characteristics. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and prognostic significance of Korean patients with CLL.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 90 patients with CLL who had received chemotherapy at 6 centers in Korea between 2000 and 2012.
Results: Compared with Western patients with CLL, Korean patients with CLL express lambda (42.0%) and atypical markers such as CD22 and FMC7 (76.7% and 40.0%, respectively) more frequently. First-line chemotherapy regimens included chlorambucil (n = 43), fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FC) (n = 20), fludarabine (n = 13), rituximab-FC (n = 4). The remaining patients were treated with other various regimens (n = 10). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 79.3% and 28.1%, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that hyperleukocytosis (>= 100 x 103/mu L), extranodal involvement, and the Binet C stage were significant negative prognostic factors for OS (hazard ratio [HR] 4.75, p = 0.039; HR 21.6, p = 0.002; and HR 4.35, p = 0.034, respectively). Cytogenetic abnormalities including complex karyotypes (>= 3), del(11q), and del(17) had a significantly adverse impact on both OS and PFS ( p < 0.001 and p = 0.010, respectively).
Conclusions: Initial hyperleukocytosis, extranodal involvement, complex karyotype, del(17) and del(11q) need to be considered in the risk stratification system for CLL.
- 김성용; 김인호; 박실비아; 정준원; 김진석; 박상혁; 이정희; 정철원; 조재철; 최윤숙; 이홍기
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- Leukemia; lymphocytic; chronic; B-cell; Treatment outcome; Prognosis; Korean(2020A01138)
- KOREAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE
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