p53-dependent glutamine usage determines susceptibility to oxidative stress in radioresistant head and neck cancer cells
- The manner in which p53 maintains redox homeostasis and the means by which two key metabolic elements, glucose and glutamine, contribute to p53-dependent redox stability remain unclear. To elucidate the manner in which p53 deals with glucose-deprived, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-prone conditions in this regard, two isogenic cancer subclones (HN3R-A and HN3R-B) bearing distinct p53 mutations as an in vitro model of intratumoral p53 heterogeneity were identified. Following cumulative irradiation, the subclones showed a similar metabolic shift to aerobic glycolysis and increasing NADPH biogenesis for cellular defense against oxidative damage irrespective of p53 status. The radioresistant cancer cells became more sensitive to glycolysis-targeting drugs. However, in glucose-deprived and ROS-prone conditions, HN3R-B, the subclone with the original p53 increased the utilization of glutamine by GLS2, thereby maintaining redox homeostasis and ATP. Conversely, HN3R-A, the p53-deficient radioresistant subclone displayed an impairment in glutamine usage and high susceptibility to metabolic stresses as well as ROS-inducing agents despite the increased ROS scavenging system. Collectively, our findings suggest that p53 governs the alternative utilization of metabolic ingredients, such as glucose and glutamine, in ROS-prone conditions. Thus, p53 status may be an important biomarker for selecting cancer treatment strategies, including metabolic drugs and ROS-inducing agents, for recurrent cancers after radiotherapy.
- 장효원; 이명진; 이윤선; 김송희; 이종철; 박정제; 남혜윤; 김미라; 한명월; 김승후; 김상윤
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- Glutamine; Glycolytic shift; Radioresistant cancer cells; Reactive oxygen species; p53.
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