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Mediating Effects of Empathy on Competence of Korean Nursing Students

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Abstract
Background: Empathic communication is important for nurses to establish therapeutic relationships with patients and to improve the quality of care. Thus, empathy is essential for nursing students who will be future
nurses. The aim of this study was to examine the mediating role of empathy in the influence of communication
competence on interpersonal competence of nursing students.
Methods: This study was conducted at the Catholic University of Korea. Participants were 218 nursing students
who completed a survey questionnaire on general characteristics, Interpersonal Reactivity Index, Primary Communication Inventory, and Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire from Feb. 20 to Feb. 21, 2014. Data were
analyzed using simple and multiple regression analyses. Mediation analysis was performed according to the Baron
and Kenny method and Sobel test.
Results: A three-step regression analysis was performed to verify the mediating role of empathy in the relationship between communication competence and interpersonal competence. Results confirmed that communication
competence significantly influenced interpersonal competence, showing that empathy had a partial mediating role
(Z=2.40, P=.016).
Conclusion: Communication competence improved interpersonal competence through mediation by empathy
in nursing students. Result of this study suggested that nursing schools should implement communication education that can strengthen empathy in order to boost nursing students’ interpersonal competence.
Author(s)
김혜진이선희최한교
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Nursing studentsEmpathyCommunicationInterpersonal relations
DOI
10.18502/ijph.v50i4.5998
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7871
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_doaj_primary_oai_doaj_org_article_dd10a9ec745e40a488978c411f62f01c&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Mediating%20Effects%20of%20Empathy%20on%20Competence%20of%20Korean%20Nursing%20Students&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
Iranian Journal of Public Health
Location
이란
Language
영어
ISSN
2251-6085
Citation Volume
50
Citation Number
4
Citation Start Page
737
Citation End Page
746
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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