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Pancreatic cancer induces muscle wasting by promoting the release of pancreatic adenocarcinoma upregulated factor

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Abstract
Cancer cachexia is a highly debilitating condition characterized by weight loss and muscle wasting that contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of pancreatic cancer. The factors that induce cachexia in pancreatic cancer are largely unknown. We previously showed that pancreatic adenocarcinoma upregulated factor (PAUF) secreted by pancreatic cancer cells is responsible for tumor growth and metastasis. Here, we analyzed the relation between pancreatic cancer-derived PAUF and cancer cachexia in mice and its clinical significance. Body weight loss and muscle weight loss were significantly higher in mice with Panc-1/PAUF tumors than in those with Panc-1/Mock tumors. Direct administration of rPAUF to muscle recapitulated tumor-induced atrophy, and a PAUF-neutralizing antibody abrogated tumor-induced muscle wasting in Panc-1/PAUF tumor-bearing mice. C2C12 myotubes treated with rPAUF exhibited rapid inactivation of Akt-Foxo3a signaling, resulting in Atrogin1/MAFbx upregulation, myosin heavy chain loss, and muscle atrophy. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and body weight loss were significantly higher in pancreatic cancer patients with high PAUF expression than in those with low PAUF expression. Analysis of different pancreatic cancer datasets showed that PAUF expression was significantly higher in the pancreatic cancer group than in the nontumor group. Analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data found associations between high PAUF expression or a high DNA copy number and poor overall survival. Our data identified tumor-secreted circulating PAUF as a key factor of cachexia, causing muscle wasting in mice. Neutralizing PAUF may be a useful therapeutic strategy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer-induced cachexia.

Pancreatic cancer: Protein promotes cancer-related weight loss A protein involved in tumor growth is also a likely cause of weight loss during pancreatic cancer, and may be a useful target for prognosis and treatment. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma upregulated factor (PAUF) is secreted by pancreatic cancer cells and is also found in other cancers where significant weight loss occurs. Wonbeak Yoo, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, South Korea, and co-workers examined the role of PAUF in cancer-related weight loss in mice. Mice inoculated with PAUF-expressing cancer cells experienced weight loss despite no change in food consumption. PAUF increased muscle atrophy and triggered muscle wasting pathways. PAUF is routinely measured in cancer patients, and could therefore provide a convenient biomarker to inform treatment decisions. The researchers suggest that neutralising PAUF could be a valuable therapeutic option.
Author(s)
유원백최연지권은수손영훈이재민조성이정다나김연정고상석양용율이광표김경원노경희고유선전은성김송철김석호
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
AdenocarcinomaAKT proteinAtrophyBiotechnologyBody weightBody weight lossCachexiaCopy numberFood consumptionFOXO3 proteinGenomesLeukocytes (neutrophilic)Medical prognosisMetastasesMorbidityMyosinMyotubesPancreatic cancerPatientsTumors생화학
DOI
10.1038/s12276-021-00582-2
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7930
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_9763927&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Pancreatic%20cancer%20induces%20muscle%20wasting%20by%20promoting%20the%20release%20of%20pancreatic%20adenocarcinoma%20upregulated%20factor&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE
Location
대한민국
Language
영어
ISSN
1226-3613
Citation Volume
53
Citation Number
3
Citation Start Page
432
Citation End Page
445
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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