KLI

Transcranial Doppler as a Screening Tool for High-Risk Patent Foramen Ovale in Cryptogenic Stroke

Metadata Downloads
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The identification of high-risk patent foramen ovale (PFO) is important for selecting suitable patients for PFO closure to prevent recurrent stroke in those with cryptogenic stroke. We aimed to evaluate the predictability of transcranial Doppler (TCD) in diagnosing high-risk PFO compared with that of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), which is not feasible for some stroke patients. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the data of 461 cryptogenic stroke patients who underwent TEE and TCD for PFO evaluation. High-risk PFO on TEE was defined as PFO with atrial septal aneurysm (phasic septal excursion >= 10 mm) or large PFO (>= 2 mm). Spencer grading of right-to-left shunt was used to classify the amount of shunt on TCD. RESULTS PFO on TEE was observed for 242 (52.5%) patients, and high-risk PFO was detected for 123 (26.7%) patients. However, PFO on TCD was observed for 336 (72.9%) patients. Among patients with significant shunt (Spencer grade III or higher) who underwent TCD after Valsalva maneuver (VM), 60.0% of patients had high-risk PFO. However, only 5.3% of patients had high-risk PFO among those without significant shunt. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that significant shunt after VM had higher predictability (AUC = .876, 95% CI: .843-.905) for detecting the high-risk PFO compared with the predictability based on significant shunt at rest (AUC = .718, 95% CI: .674-.759). (P<.0001 for the differences between two AUCs). CONCLUSIONS TCD is a good screening tool for evaluating high-risk PFO. VM is important for the evaluation of PFO. Patients with minimal or no shunt on TCD after VM are unlikely to have high-risk PFO.
Author(s)
강동화권순억김종성송재관장준영Boseong KwonBum Joon KimJi Sung LeeJin Kyung OhSeongho Park
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Patent foramen ovalecryptogenic stroketransesophageal echocardiographytrasncranial Doppler(2020A02095)
DOI
&nbsp;10.1111/jon.12783
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/7952
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2440900096&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Transcranial%20Doppler%20as%20a%20Screening%20Tool%20for%20High-Risk%20Patent%20Foramen%20Ovale%20in%20Cryptogenic%20Stroke&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF NEUROIMAGING
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
1051-2284
Citation Volume
31
Citation Number
1
Citation Start Page
165
Citation End Page
170
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
Authorize & License
  • Authorize공개
Files in This Item:
  • There are no files associated with this item.

Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.