Risk of progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis to connective tissue disease: a long-term observational study in 527 patients
- Objective Connective tissue disease (CTD) might occur during the course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Clinical factors associated with CTD development in IPF patients have still not been identified. We investigated which antibodies have a significant association with the development of CTD during the clinical course of IPF. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of 527 patients with a first diagnosis of IPF between January 2007 and March 2014 and investigated the time to CTD development after IPF diagnosis in these patients. Results CTD developed in 15 patients at a median of 2.1 years (range 1.2-4.8) after IPF diagnosis. All patients had anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) or autoantibodies that met the serology criteria for interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF). Survival duration for IPF patients with progression to CTD was 5.3 (3.8, 6.7) years, which was significantly longer than for IPF patients without progression to CTD [2.9 (1.7, 4.8), p = 0.001]. Independent risk factors for CTD development in IPF patients included female gender [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 5.319, p = 0.0082], titer of rheumatoid factor (RF; adjusted HR, 1.006; p = 0.022), titer of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA; adjusted HR, 1.009; p = 0.0011), and titer of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA (adjusted HR, 1.02; p < 0.0001). Conclusion Progression to CTD is uncommon in IPF patients. However, a significant number of IPF patients with high titers of RF, ACPA, or MPO-ANCA progressed to CTD. RF, ACPA, and MPO-ANCA might be significantly associated with CTD development in IPF patients.
Key Points center dot A significant number of IPF patients with high titers of RF, ACPA, or MPO-ANCA progressed to CTD. center dot IPF/UIP with high titers of RF, ACPA, or MPO-ANCA might be the initial clinical manifestation of CTD. center dot RF, ACPA, and MPO-ANCA may be significantly associated with the development of pulmonary fibrosis in patients with CTD.
- 강병주; 김용길; 김진석; 남소혜; 안수민; 오지선; 유빈; 이정선; 이창근; 임두호; 홍석찬
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- Autoimmunity; Development and progression; Medical research; Medicine; Medicine & Public Health; Medicine; Experimental; Original Article; Pulmonary fibrosis; Rheumatoid factor; Rheumatology; Risk factors
- CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY
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