Histogram analysis of arterial spin labeling perfusion data to determine the human papillomavirus status of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas
- Purpose To evaluate the correlation between histogram parameters derived from pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) and human papillomavirus (HPV) status in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Methods This study included a total of 58 patients (HPV-positive: n = 45; -negative: n = 13) from a prospective cohort of consecutive patients aged >= 18 years, who were newly diagnosed with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. All patients were required to have undergone pre-treatment MRI with PCASL to measure regional perfusion. The region of interest was drawn by two radiologists, encompassing the entire tumor volume on all corresponding slices. Differences in the histogram parameters derived from tumor blood flow (TBF) in ASL were assessed for HPV-positive and -negative patients. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the best differentiating parameters, and a leave-one-out cross-validation was used. Results Patients with HPV-positive OPSCC showed a significantly lower overall standard deviation and 95th percentile value of tumor blood flow (P < .007). The standard deviation of TBF was the single best predictive parameter. Leave-one-out cross-validation tests revealed that the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.745, 75.9%, 75.6%, and 76.9%, respectively. Conclusion PCASL revealed differences in perfusion parameters according to HPV status in patients with OPSCC, reflecting their distinct histopathology.
- 백정환; 서종현; 성유섭; 안유라; 이정현; 정새롬; 최영준; Josef Pfeuffer
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- Analysis; Head-Neck-ENT Radiology; Imaging; Medical research; Medicine; Medicine & Public Health; Medicine; Experimental; Neurology; Neuroradiology; Neurosciences; Neurosurgery; Papillomavirus infections; Papillomaviruses; Radiology; Squamous cell carcinoma
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