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Comparison of Two Electronic Physical Performance Batteries by Measurement Time and Sarcopenia Classification

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Abstract
The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is a widely accepted test for measuring lower extremity function in older adults. However, there are concerns regarding the examination time required to conduct a complete SPPB consisting of three components (walking speed, chair rise, and standing balance tests) in clinical settings. We aimed to assess specific examination times for each component of the electronic Short Physical Performance Battery (eSPPB) and compare the ability of the original three-component examinations (eSPPB) and a faster, two-component examination without a balance test (electronic Quick Physical Performance Battery, eQPPB) to classify sarcopenia. The study was a retrospective, cross-sectional study which included 124 ambulatory outpatients who underwent physical performance examination at a geriatric clinic of a tertiary, academic hospital in Seoul, Korea, between December 2020 and March 2021. For eSPPB, we used a toolkit containing sensors and software (Dyphi, Daejeon, Korea) developed to measure standing balance, walking speed, and chair rise test results. Component-specific time stamps were used to log the raw data. Duration of balance examination, 5 times sit-to-stand test (5XSST), and walking speed examination were calculated. Sarcopenia was determined using the 2019 Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) guideline. The median age was 78 years (interquartile range, IQR: 73,82) and 77 subjects (62.1%) were female. The total mean eSPPB test time was 124.8 +/- 29.0 s (balance test time 61.8 +/- 12.3 s, 49.5%; gait speed test time 34.3 +/- 11.9 s, 27.5%; and 5XSST time 28.7 +/- 19.1 s, 23.0%). The total mean eQPPB test time was 63.0 +/- 25.4 s. Based on the AWGS criteria, 34 (27.4%) patient's results were consistent with sarcopenia. C-statistics for classifying sarcopenia were 0.83 for eSPPB and 0.85 for eQPPB (p = 0.264), while eQPPB took 49.5% less measurement time compared with eSPPB. Breakdowns of eSPPB test times were identified. Omitting balance tests may reduce test time without significantly affecting the classifying ability of eSPPB for sarcopenia.
Author(s)
노현철박찬미백지연윤성준이은주장일영정희원
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
physical functionsarcopeniashort physical performance batteryfrailtyelderly
DOI
10.3390/s21155147
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8103
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_doaj_primary_oai_doaj_org_article_6ba371b8fa8a48518667e9bf781ccf05&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Comparison%20of%20Two%20Electronic%20Physical%20Performance%20Batteries%20by%20Measurement%20Time%20and%20Sarcopenia%20Classification&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
SENSORS
Location
스위스
Language
영어
ISSN
1424-8220
Citation Volume
21
Citation Number
15
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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