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Transarterial embolisation for gastroduodenal bleeding following endoscopic resection

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Abstract
Objectives: Transcatheter arterial embolisation (TAE) is widely used to treat gastrointestinal bleeding. This paper reports the safety and efficacy of TAE for bleeding following endoscopic resection, including endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection.

Methods: Fifteen consecutive patients (13 males, two females; mean age 62.2 years) from two tertiary medical centres who underwent TAE for gastroduodenal bleeding after endoscopic resection from November 2001 to December 2020 were included. Patient demographics, clinical presentations, angiographic findings, and TAE details were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Immediate bleeding during endoscopic resection was noted in four patients. Delayed bleeding 1-30 days after endoscopic resection in nine patients presented with haematochezia (n = 4), haematemesis (n = 6) and melaena (n = 1). Endoscopic haemostasis was attempted in 11 patients (73.3%) but failed due to continued bleeding despite haemostasis (n = 6), failure to secure endoscopic field (n = 3) and unstable vital signs (n = 2). Eleven patients had positive angiographic findings for bleeding, and all bleeding arteries were embolised except one owing to failed superselection of the bleeder. In the other four patients with negative angiographic findings, the left gastric artery with/ without the right gastric artery or the accessory left gastric artery was empirically embolised using gelatin sponge particles. Both technical and clinical success rates were 93.3% (14/15). No procedure-related complications occurred during follow-up.

Conclusions: TAE is safe and effective in the treatment of immediate and delayed bleeding after endoscopic resection procedures.

Advances in knowledge: This is the first and largest 20-year bicentric study published in English on this topic. Empirical TAE for angiographically negative bleeding sites was also effective without significant complications.
Author(s)
김정호박수영신지훈장은호정보령황정한
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Abridged Index Medicus
DOI
10.1259/bjr.20210062
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8116
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2514593947&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Transarterial%20embolisation%20for%20gastroduodenal%20bleeding%20following%20endoscopic%20resection&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
Location
영국
Language
한국어
ISSN
0007-1285
Citation Volume
94
Citation Number
1122
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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