Low conductivity on electrical properties tomography demonstrates unique tumor habitats indicating progression in glioblastoma
- Objectives Tissue conductivity measurements made with electrical properties tomography (EPT) can be used to define temporal changes in tissue habitats on longitudinal multiparametric MRI. We aimed to demonstrate the added insights for identifying tumor habitats obtained by including EPT with diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI, and to evaluate the use of these tumor habitats for determining tumor treatment response in post-treatment glioblastoma. Methods Tumor habitats were developed from EPT, diffusion-weighted, and perfusion-weighted MRI in 60 patients with glioblastoma who underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Voxels from EPT, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps were clustered into habitats, and each habitat was serially examined to assess its temporal change. The usefulness of temporal changes in tumor habitats for diagnosing tumor progression and treatment-related change was investigated using logistic regression. The performance of significant predictors was measured using the area under the curve (AUC) from receiver-operating-characteristics analysis with 1000-fold bootstrapping. Results Five tumor habitats were identified, and of these, the hypervascular cellular habitat (odds ratio [OR] 5.45; 95% CI, 1.75-31.42; p = .02), hypovascular low conductivity habitat (OR 2.00; 95% CI, 1.45-3.05; p < .001), and hypovascular intermediate habitat (OR 1.57; 95% CI, 1.18-2.30; p = .006) were predictive of tumor progression. Low EPT and low CBV reflected a unique hypovascular low conductivity habitat that showed the highest diagnostic performance (AUC 0.86; 95% CI, 0.76-0.96). The combined habitats showed high performance (AUC 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82-0.98) in the differentiation of tumor progression from treatment-related change. Conclusion EPT reveals low conductivity habitats that can improve the diagnosis of tumor progression in post-treatment glioblastoma.
- 박지은; 김호성; 김낙영; 김영훈; 김정훈; 김은주; 황진우; Ulrich Katscher
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- Electrical conductivity; Glioblastoma; Magnetic resonance imaging; Treatment outcome.
- EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
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