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Extrahippocampal Radiomics Analysis Can Potentially Identify Laterality in Patients With MRI-Negative Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

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Abstract
Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate whether radiomics features of extrahippocampal regions differ between patients with epilepsy and healthy controls, and whether any differences can identify patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).

Methods: Data from 36 patients with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and 50 healthy controls were used to construct a radiomics model. A total of 1,618 radiomics features from the affected hippocampal and extrahippocampal regions were compared with features from healthy controls and the unaffected side of patients. Using a stepwise selection method with a univariate t-test and elastic net penalization, significant predictors for identifying TLE were separately selected for the hippocampus (H+) and extrahippocampal region (H-). Each model was independently validated with an internal set of MRI-negative adult TLE patients (n = 22) and pediatric validation cohort with MRI-negative TLE (n = 20) from another tertiary center; diagnostic performance was calculated using area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis.

Results: Forty-eight significant H+ radiomic features and 99 significant H- radiomic features were selected from the affected side of patients and used to create a hippocampus model and an extrahippocampal model, respectively. Texture features were the most frequently selected feature. Training set showed slightly higher accuracy between hippocampal (AUC = 0.99) and extrahippocampal model (AUC = 0.97). In the internal validation and external validation sets, the extrahippocampal model (AUC = 0.80 and 0.92, respectively) showed higher diagnostic performance for identifying the affected side of patients than the hippocampus model (AUC = 0.67 and 0.69).

Significance: Radiomics revealed extrahippocampal abnormality in the affected side of patients with TLE and could potentially help to identify MRI-negative TLE.

Classification of Evidence: Class IV Criteria for Rating Diagnostic Accuracy Studies.
Author(s)
정이내박지은정다은심우현
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
extrahippocampallateralitymagnetic resonance imagingradiomicstemporal lobe epilepsy.
DOI
10.3389/fneur.2021.706576
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8186
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_doaj_primary_oai_doaj_org_article_09f5e1ff4f2348dcb5ff480a29ee17ed&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Extrahippocampal%20Radiomics%20Analysis%20Can%20Potentially%20Identify%20Laterality%20in%20Patients%20With%20MRI-Negative%20Temporal%20Lobe%20Epilepsy&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY
Location
스위스
Language
영어
ISSN
1664-2295
Citation Volume
12
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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