Which Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients without ST-Segment Elevation Benefit from Early Coronary Angiography? Results from the Korean Hypothermia Network Prospective Registry
- The effect of early coronary angiography (CAG) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients without ST-elevation (STE) is still controversial. It is not known which subgroups of patients without STE are the most likely to benefit. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between emergency CAG and neurologic outcomes and identify subgroups with improved outcomes when emergency CAG was performed. This prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study was based on data from the Korean Hypothermia Network prospective registry (KORHN-PRO) 1.0. Adult OHCA patients who were treated with targeted temperature management (TTM) without any obvious extracardiac cause were included. Patients were dichotomized into early CAG (<= 24 h) and no early CAG (>24 h or not performed) groups. High-risk patients were defined as having the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score > 140, time from collapse to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) > 30 min, lactate level > 7.0 mmol/L, arterial pH < 7.2, cardiac enzyme elevation and ST deviation. The primary outcome was good neurologic outcome at 6 months after OHCA. Of the 1373 patients from the KORHN-PRO 1.0 database, 678 patients met the inclusion criteria. The early CAG group showed better neurologic outcomes at 6 months after cardiac arrest (CA) (adjusted odds ratio: 2.21 (1.27-3.87), p = 0.005). This was maintained even after propensity score matching (adjusted odds ratio: 2.23 (1.39-3.58), p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, high-risk patients showed a greater benefit from early CAG. In contrast, no significant association was found in low-risk patients. Early CAG was associated with good neurologic outcome at 6 months after CA and should be considered in high-risk patients.
- 김수현; 김원영; 김효준; 박규남; 송환; 이병국; 이재훈; 조인수; Chun Song Youn
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- cardiopulmonary resuscitation; coronary angiography; out-of hospital cardiac arrest; outcome
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
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