Anti-inflammatory effects of N-cyclooctyl-5-methylthiazol-2-amine hydrobromide on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response through attenuation of NLRP3 activation in microglial cells
- Microglial activation is closely associated with neuroinflammatory pathologies. The nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-like receptor containing a pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes are highly organized intracellular sensors of neuronal alarm signaling. NLRP3 inflammasomes activate nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappa B) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induce inflammatory responses. Moreover, NLRP3 dysfunction is a common feature of chronic inflammatory diseases. The present study investigated the effect of a novel thiazol derivative, N-cyclooctyl-5-methylthiazol-2-amine hydrobromide (KHG26700), on inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated BV-2 microglial cells. KHG26700 significantly attenuated the expression of several pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, and interleukin-6, in these cells, as well as the LPS-induced increases in NLRP3, NF-kappa B, and phospho-IkB alpha levels. KHG26700 also suppressed the LPS-induced increases in protein levels of autophagy protein 5 (ATG5), micro-tubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), and beclin-1, as well as downregulating the LPS-enhanced levels of ROS, lipid peroxidation, and nitric oxide. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory effects of KHG26700 may be due, at least in part, to the regulation of the NLRP3-mediated signaling pathway during microglial activation.
- 김은아; 황교욱; 김지은; 안지인; 최수영; 양승주; 조성우
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- Inflammasome; Microglia; N-cycooctyl-5-methylthiazol-2-amine hydrobromide; NLRP3; pro-inflammatory cytokines
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