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Immunoglobulin gene rearrangement in Koreans with multiple myeloma: Clonality assessment and repertoire analysis using next-generation sequencing

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Abstract
Introduction We assessed the applicability of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based IGH/IGK clonality testing and analyzed the repertoire of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) or immunoglobulin kappa light chain (IGK) gene usage in Korean patients with multiple myeloma (MM) for the first time. Methods Fifty-nine bone marrow samples from 57 Korean patients with MM were analyzed, and NGS-based clonality testing that targeted the IGH and IGK genes was performed using IGH FR1 and IGK primer sets. Results Clonal IGH and IGK rearrangements were observed in 74.2% and 67.7% of samples from Korean patients with kappa-restricted MM, respectively (90.3% had one or both), and in 60.7% and 95.5% of samples from those with lambda-restricted MM, respectively (85.7% had one or both). In total, 88.1% of samples from Koreans with MM had clonal IGH and/or IGK rearrangement. Clonal rearrangement was not significantly associated with the bone marrow plasma cells as a proportion of all BM lymphoid cells. IGHV3-9 (11.63%) and IGHV4-31 (9.30%) were the most frequently reported IGHV genes and were more common in Koreans with MM than in Western counterparts. IGHD3-10 and IGHD3-3 (13.95% each) were the most frequent IGHD genes; IGHD3-3 was more common in Koreans with MM. No IGK rearrangement was particularly prevalent, but single IGKV-J rearrangements were less common in Koreans with kappa-restricted MM than in Western counterparts. IGKV4-1 was less frequent in Koreans regardless of light chain type. Otherwise, the usages of the IGH V, D, and J genes and of the IGK gene were like those observed in previous Western studies. Conclusion NGS-based IGH/IGK clonality testing ought to be applicable to most Koreans with MM. The overrepresentation of IGHV3-9, IGHV4-31, and IGHD3-3 along with the underrepresentation of IGKV4-1 and the differences in IGK gene rearrangement types suggest the existence of ethnicity-specific variations in this disease.
Author(s)
김미영전기범Alyssa M ZlotnickiHan-Sung KimHee Jung KangHyo Jung KimJiwon LeeKasey HuttYoung Kyung Lee
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
AnalysisAntigensB cellsBiology and Life SciencesBone marrowCancerChainsGene rearrangementGenesGenetic aspectsHeavy chainsHospitalsIGK geneImmunoglobulinsLaboratoriesLymphoid cellsMedical schoolsMedicineMedicine and Health SciencesMinority & ethnic groupsMultiple myelomaNext-generation sequencingPeople and PlacesPlasma cellsResearch and analysis methodsVariables
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0253541
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8387
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_plos_journals_2544866857&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Immunoglobulin%20gene%20rearrangement%20in%20Koreans%20with%20multiple%20myeloma:%20Clonality%20assessment%20and%20repertoire%20analysis%20using%20next-generation%20sequencing&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
PLOS ONE
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
1932-6203
Citation Volume
16
Citation Number
6
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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