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Preoperative nutritional risk index and postoperative one-year skeletal muscle loss can predict the prognosis of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma: a registry-based study

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Abstract
BackgroundPatients with gastric cancer have an increased nutritional risk and experience a significant skeletal muscle loss after surgery. We aimed to determine whether muscle loss during the first postoperative year and preoperative nutritional status are indicators for predicting prognosis.MethodsFrom a gastric cancer registry, a total of 958 patients who received curative gastrectomy followed by chemotherapy for stage 2 and 3 gastric cancer and survived longer than 1year were investigated. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was assessed based on the muscle area at the L3 level on abdominal computed tomography.ResultsPreoperative nutritional risk index (NRI) and postoperative decrement of SMI (dSMI) were significantly associated with overall survival (hazards ratio: 0.976 [95% CI: 0.962-0.991] and 1.060 [95% CI: 1.035-1.085], respectively) in a multivariate Cox regression analysis. Recurrence, tumor stage, comorbidity index were also significant prognostic indicators. Kaplan-Meier analyses exhibited that patients with higher NRI had a significantly longer survival than those with lower NRI (5-year overall survival: 75.8% vs. 63.0%, P< 0.001). In addition, a significantly better prognosis was observed in a patient group with less decrease of SMI (5-year overall survival: 75.7% vs. 66.2%, P=0.009). A logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the performance of preoperative NRI and dSMI in mortality prediction was quite significant (AUC: 0.63, P< 0.001) and the combination of clinical factors enhanced the predictive accuracy to the AUC of 0.90 (P< 0.001). This prognostic relevance of NRI and dSMI was maintained in patients experiencing tumor recurrence and highlighted in those with stage 3 gastric adenocarcinoma.ConclusionsPreoperative NRI is a predictor of overall survival in stage 2 or 3 gastric cancer patients and skeletal muscle loss during the first postoperative year was significantly associated with the prognosis regardless of relapse in stage 3 tumors. These factors could be valuable adjuncts for accurate prediction of prognosis in gastric cancer patients.
Author(s)
강승우고창석김경원김병식박태용육정환이고은이인섭이정복정희열
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Gastric cancerSurgeryMuscle lossNutritionPrognosisSurvivalSarcopenia
DOI
10.1186/s12885-021-07885-7
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8526
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_doaj_primary_oai_doaj_org_article_01e9114cb71b49779e1384674cff4a5f&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Preoperative%20nutritional%20risk%20index%20and%20postoperative%20one-year%20skeletal%20muscle%20loss%20can%20predict%20the%20prognosis%20of%20patients%20with%20gastric%20adenocarcinoma:%20a%20registry-based%20study&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
BMC CANCER
Location
영국
Language
한국어
ISSN
1471-2407
Citation Volume
21
Citation Number
1
Citation Start Page
157
Citation End Page
157
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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