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Serum 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D level in general Korean population and its relationship with other vitamin D biomarkers

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Abstract
Background

Vitamin D status is presently assessed by measuring total serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. However, 25(OH)D concentration alone might not accurately reflect vitamin D status owing to its weak relationship with various clinical indices and inconsistency across races. Recently, 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [24,25(OH)(2)D] and vitamin D metabolite ratio [VMR; ratio of 24,25(OH)(2)D to 25(OH)D] have emerged as vitamin D biomarkers. The present study aimed to determine the values of 24,25(OH)(2)D and VMR in healthy Koreans and compare them with other vitamin D biomarkers, including 25(OH)D and bioavailable 25(OH)D.

Methods

Serum samples and medical information were collected from 200 individuals (100 females and 100 males) who underwent general health checks without self-reported symptoms. We measured 24,25(OH)(2)D concentration using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and concentrations of 25(OH)D and vitamin D binding protein using immunoassays. VMR and bioavailable 25(OH)D concentration were calculated using the above data. Serum parathyroid hormone level, and bone mineral density (BMD) data were collected as clinical outcomes, and the effects of the vitamin D markers on them were tested using multiple linear regression models.

Results

The mean values of 25(OH)D, 24,25(OH)(2)D, VMR, and bioavailable 25(OH)D were 24.3 +/- 8.5 ng/mL, 1.9 +/- 1.1 ng/mL, 7.6 +/- 2.5, and 3.2 +/- 1.2 ng/mL, respectively. The concentration of 25(OH)D closely correlated with 24,25(OH)(2)D (R = 0.868, P < 0.001) and bioavailable 25(OH)D (R = 0.862, P < 0.001). No significant effects of 24,25(OH)(2)D, VMR, and bioavailable 25(OH)D were observed on the prediction of PTH and BMD in the multiple linear regression models.

Conclusion

Our study presents the distribution of 24,25(OH)(2)D concentration and VMR in Korean population for the first time. Overall, our data reaffirm that 25(OH)D is the primary marker for determining vitamin D status in the general population.
Author(s)
김현기나병국정혜진조민철Huong Giang Le
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
25-dihydroxyvitamin D
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0246541
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8578
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_plos_journals_2491602091&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Serum%2024,25-dihydroxyvitamin%20D%20level%20in%20general%20Korean%20population%20and%20its%20relationship%20with%20other%20vitamin%20D%20biomarkers&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
PLOS ONE
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
1932-6203
Citation Volume
16
Citation Number
2
Citation Start Page
0246541
Citation End Page
0246541
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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