KLI

Hyperacute rejection in ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation: Significance of isoagglutinin subclass

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Abstract
Introduction: ABO-incompatible transplantation has expanded the limited donor pool for kidney transplantation. Despite the successful desensitization protocols and immunosuppression, undesirable cases of hyperacute rejection occurs.
Objective: Flow cytometry was used to measure isoagglutinin titer and its IgG subclasses in assessment of the cause of hyperacute rejection in ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation.
Materials and methods: The recipient was admitted for kidney transplantation due to end-stage renal disease. Pre-transplantation work-up for ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation included blood group typing, HLA DNA typing and HLA antibody analyses. HLA crossmatch analysis was conducted using donor lymphocytes and anti-HLA antibody assay using Luminex panel reactive antibody test (One Lambda, Inc., Canoga Park, CA). Desensitization protocol was composed of therapeutic plasma exchange sessions and rituximab.
Results: Despite negative HLA crossmatch results, a case of hyperacute rejection occurred after living donor kidney transplantation. Rejection resulted in immediate removal of graft, and the patient later received a second kidney transplantation. Retrospective evaluation of isoagglutinin titer and its subclasses using flow cytometry identified the cause of rejection to increased IgG1 subclass. Desensitization protocol for ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation now implements further caution for blood group O recipients.
Discussion: Hyperacute rejection resulting from increased IgG1 isoagglutinin subclass has not been previously confirmed using flow cytometry. Unfortunate outcome of this rejection case provides insight to how we should approach and ensure successful ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation.
Author(s)
고대현권현욱김영훈김효상박수길백충희신성양정석오흥범조덕황상현
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
ABO-incompatibleKidney transplantationHyperacute rejectionFlow cytometry
DOI
10.1016/j.trim.2021.101484
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8595
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2584801470&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Hyperacute%20rejection%20in%20ABO-incompatible%20kidney%20transplantation:%20Significance%20of%20isoagglutinin%20subclass&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
TRANSPLANT IMMUNOLOGY
Location
네덜란드
Language
영어
ISSN
0966-3274
Citation Volume
69
Citation Start Page
101484
Citation End Page
101484
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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