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Clinical and neuropsychological characteristics of children with epilepsy and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

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Abstract
Objectives: This study aimed to explore the clinical and neuropsychological characteristics-cognition, behavior, parenting-related stress, and sleep-of children with epilepsy, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or both. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 33 children with epilepsy and ADHD, 113 with epilepsy alone, and 294 with ADHD alone. The children were required to complete the Advanced Test of Attention (ATA), and their parents completed the ADHD Rating Scale (ARS), Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD) Scale (DBD), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF). Results: Auditory Commission Errors made during the ATA were higher in children with epilepsy and ADHD than in those with epilepsy alone. On the SRS, all the subscales except Social Awareness were significantly higher in children with epilepsy and ADHD or ADHD alone than in those with epilepsy alone. The Oppositional Defiant and Conduct Disorder subscales on DBD, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behaviors on CBCL were significantly higher in children with both epilepsy and ADHD than in those with epilepsy alone. The Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction subscales on the PSI-SF were significantly greater in children with both epilepsy and ADHD than in those with epilepsy alone. The subscales on the CSHQ did not significantly differ between children with both epilepsy and ADHD and those with epilepsy alone. Conclusions: In children with epilepsy, comorbid ADHD was associated with negative effects on response inhibition, aggressive behavior, and parenting-related stress.
Author(s)
고태성김효원박기정염미선
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
ADHDAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorderBehaviorChildrenComorbidityContinuous performance testEpilepsyMedical recordsParentingParenting stressPediatric neurologySleepSleep disordersSleep problem
DOI
10.1016/j.seizure.2021.06.022
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8629
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2553238629&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Clinical%20and%20neuropsychological%20characteristics%20of%20children%20with%20epilepsy%20and%20attention-deficit%2Fhyperactivity%20disorder&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY
Location
영국
Language
한국어
ISSN
1059-1311
Citation Volume
91
Citation Number
0
Citation Start Page
325
Citation End Page
331
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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