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Effect of Noise on Sleep and Autonomic Activity in Children according to Source

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Abstract
Background: Noise has been a major issue in children due to its effect on emotional symptoms and sleep problems. The present study investigated the effect of noise on sleep and autonomic activity in children according to three variables, namely, road traffic noise, aircraft noise, and noise sensitivity (NS). Methods: The study is epidemiological in nature. A total of 474 subjects of four elementary schools were evaluated in conjunction with the 2014 noise map data gathered from two metropolitan regions, Seoul and Ulsan, in South Korea. Each subject completed the children's sleep habits questionnaire, and heart rate variability (HRV) was recorded. Analysis of covariance was performed using monthly income as a covariate. Results: Aircraft noise was associated with night waking (P = 0.047), whereas no significant association was observed between sleep and road traffic noise. After stratifying by NS, no significant results were obtained for road traffic noise. However, high levels of aircraft noise in the high-NS group were associated with high degrees of bedtime resistance (P = 0.049). In terms of HRV, no significant difference was observed in the results between groups. Conclusion: Road traffic noise did not significantly alter sleep or autonomic activity in children, whereas aircraft noise exerted a negative effect on sleep. The findings suggest that the impact of noise on sleep in children varies depending on noise sources.
Author(s)
권국주김효원박장호심창선안준호이정환이주갑
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
ChildFemaleHeart RateHumansMaleNervous System - physiopathologyNoise - adverse effectsSchoolsSleep - physiologySleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders - etiologySocioeconomic FactorsSurveys and Questionnaires의학일반
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e234
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8637
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_9862500&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Effect%20of%20Noise%20on%20Sleep%20and%20Autonomic%20Activity%20in%20Children%20according%20to%20Source&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
Location
대한민국
Language
영어
ISSN
1011-8934
Citation Volume
36
Citation Number
37
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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