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Utility of the Stress and Anxiety to Viral Epidemic-3 Items as a Tool for Assessing Work-Related Stress, and Relationship With Insomnia and Burnout of Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

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Abstract
Background and Objective The aim of this study is to explore the usefulness of the Stress and Anxiety to Viral Epidemic-3 items (SAVE-3) scale as a tool for assessing work-related stress in healthcare workers.
Methods There were 389 participants and all remained anonymous. The SAVE-9, the Patient Health Questionnaire-4, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey for Medical Personnel (MBI-HSS-MP), the perceived stress scale (PSS), and single item insomnia measure were used. After checking whether the SAVE-3 scale is clustered into a sole factor from SAVE-9 scale based on principal component analysis with promax rotation, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was done on the 3 items of the SAVE-3 to examine the factorial validity for a unidimensional structure.
Results The SAVE-3 was clustered with factor loadings from 0.664?0.752, and a CFA revealed that 3 items of the SAVE-3 cohered together into a unidimensional construct with fit for all of indices (comparative fit index = 1.00; Tucker Lewis index = 1.031; standardized root-mean-square residual = 0.001; root-mean-square-error of approximation = 0.00). The SAVE-3 scale showed acceptable reliability (Cronbach’s α = 0.56 and McDonald’s ω = 0.57) in this sample. A high SAVE-3 score correlated significantly with younger age (r = -0.12, p = 0.02), a high PSS score (r = 0.24, p < 0.001), a high total score for the MBI-HSS-MP (r = 0.35, p < 0.001) and all of its subscales (emotional exhaustion, r = 0.40, p < 0.001; personal accomplishment, r = -0.14, p < 0.005; depersonalization, r = 0.39, p < 0.001), and poor sleep quality (r = 0.15, p < 0.001).
Conclusions Taken together, the data suggest that SAVE-3 is a reliable, valid, and usable scale for measuring work-related stress in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 epidemic.
Author(s)
김규민서수연손훈성안명희이주희정석훈조인규
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Stress&nbsp;Psychological&nbsp;Health personnel&nbsp;COVID-19
DOI
10.17241/smr.2021.01025
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8651
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_9908514&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Utility%20of%20the%20Stress%20and%20Anxiety%20to%20Viral%20Epidemic-3%20Items%20as%20a%20Tool%20for%20Assessing%20Work-Related%20Stress,%20and%20Relationship%20With%20Insomnia%20and%20Burnout%20of%20Healthcare%20Workers%20During%20the%20COVID-19%20Pandemic&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
Sleep Medicine Research
Location
대한민국
Language
영어
ISSN
2093-9175
Citation Volume
12
Citation Number
2
Citation Start Page
161
Citation End Page
168
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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