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Screen Time Effect on Insomnia, Depression, or Anxiety Symptoms and Physical Activity of School Students During COVID-19 Lockdown in Lebanon: A Cross Sectional Study

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Abstract
Background and Objective Our aim is to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on screen time among Lebanese high school students (grades 9?12).
Methods An anonymous online questionnaire was distributed among 510 school students from different governorates in Lebanon; this included questions regarding screen time, food habits, and physical activity. Psychological symptoms were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 items and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 items. Effects of screen time on sleep was evaluated using the Insomnia Severity Index and Bedtime Procrastination Scale.
Results Female students reported higher depression (p = 0.018) and anxiety (p = 0.023) than male students; however, there was no difference in their sleep. Insomnia, depression, and anxiety were highest among phone users. A screen time of more than 7 hours per day was significantly associated with higher depression (67.9%), anxiety (61.6%), insomnia (82.1%), and bedtime procrastination. It also indicated a shift toward a less healthy diet and light exercise.
Conclusions Seven hours of screen was found to develop depression and anxiety, exercising less, eating a less healthy diet, and experiencing disturbed sleep among school adolescents.
Author(s)
이태엽정석훈Bayan Tarek Abou Ali Bayan TarHussein Walid MreydemNada Omar SalehPascale SalamehSajida Fawaz HammoudiSouheil Hallit
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
COVID-19 Screen time Adolescent Insomnia Depression
DOI
10.17241/smr.2021.01109
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8652
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_9908506&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Screen%20Time%20Effect%20on%20Insomnia,%20Depression,%20or%20Anxiety%20Symptoms%20and%20Physical%20Activity%20of%20School%20Students%20During%20COVID-19%20Lockdown%20in%20Lebanon:%20A%20Cross%20Sectional%20Study&offset=0
Publisher
Sleep Medicine Research
Location
대한민국
Language
한국어
ISSN
2093-9175
Citation Volume
12
Citation Number
2
Citation Start Page
101
Citation End Page
109
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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