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Population-based, three-dimensional analysis of age- and sex-related femur shaft geometry differences

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Abstract
This study deals with differences of femoral geometric focus on the bowing and width. Analysis using three-dimensional skeletonization showed increase of femoral bowing and femur width over life (more in women), and widening of the medullary canal only in women after 50 years old, not in men. Introduction The changes in femur geometry that occur with aging and lead to fragility or insufficiency fracture remain unclear. The role of the lower limb geometry, including the femur and femoral bowing, has become a point of discussion, especially in atypical femur fracture. This study aimed to analyze femur shaft geometry using three-dimensional skeletonization. Methods We acquired computed tomography images of both femurs obtained. A total of 1400 age- and sex-stratified participants were enrolled and were divided into subgroups according to age (by decade) and sex. The computed tomography images were used to produce 3-dimensional samplings of anatomical elements of the human femur using reconstruction and parametrization from these datasets. The process of skeletonization was conducted to obtain compact representation of the femur. With the skeletonization, we were able to compare all parameters according to age and sex. Results The femur length was 424.4 +/- 28.6 mm and was longer in men (P < 0.001). The minimum diameter of the medullary canal was 8.9 +/- 2.0 mm. The radius of curvature (ROC) was 906.9 +/- 193.3 mm. Men had a larger femur length, femur outer diameter, and the narrowest medullary diameter (P < 0.001, respectively). Women had significantly smaller ROC (P < 0.001). ROC decreased by 19.4% in men and 23.6% in women between the ages of 20 to 89 years. Femur width increased over life by 11.4% in men and 24.5% in women. Between the ages of 50 and 89 years, the medullary canal appears to have increased by 32.7% in women. Conclusion This geometry analysis demonstrated that femoral bowing and femoral width increased related to aging, and that the medullary canal widened after the age of 50 years in women. This cross-sectional study revealed important age- and sex-related differences in femur shaft geometry that occur with aging.
Author(s)
정익재최은정이병국김지완
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
AgingFemurFemur bowingGeometryThree-dimensional analysis
DOI
10.1007/s00198-021-05841-6
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8672
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2481629226&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Population-based,%20three-dimensional%20analysis%20of%20age-%20and%20sex-related%20femur%20shaft%20geometry%20differences&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL
Location
영국
Language
영어
ISSN
0937-941X
Citation Volume
32
Citation Number
8
Citation Start Page
1631
Citation End Page
1638
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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