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Increased expression of macrophages and inflammatory cytokines at tendon origin in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis

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Abstract
Background: The success of anti-inflammatory medications and corticosteroid injections in controlling chronic lateral epicondylitis symptoms suggests an underlying inflammatory pathology that is also causative of the pain experienced by patients; however, evidence regarding inflammatory mediators and cells remains inconclusive.

Methods: We conducted a case-control study that included a total of 24 participants (10 patients and 14 controls). Extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon samples were obtained from patients, and flexor carpi radialis tendon samples were obtained from control subjects. We then performed immunohistochemical assessment to determine the expression levels of neuropeptides (substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide), glutamate receptors (N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor type 1 and metabotropic glutamate receptor 5), inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1 alpha and tumor necrosis factor alpha), and inflammatory cells (M1 macrophages [CD68], M2 macrophages [CD163 and CD206], T-lymphocytes [CD3], and B-lymphocytes [CD20]).

Results: Patients' sampled extensor carpi radialis brevis tendons showed significantly elevated expression levels of neuropeptides, glutamate receptors, and inflammatory cytokines, along with a number of macrophages, compared with controls (P < .001 or P < .0001); however, there were no differences in the number of T- and B-lymphocytes between the 2 groups.

Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that inflammation is involved in the pathology of chronic lateral epicondylitis. (C) 2020 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.
Author(s)
김재광Bassmh AbdullahA. Al-DhaferHyun Seok JooSuk Young ParkYoung Ho Shin
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
AspartateCare and treatmentCorticosteroidscytokinesGlutamateinflammationInterleukinsLateral epicondylitisLymphocytesMacrophagesMedical collegesMethyl aspartateNeuropepticlestendonTennis elbow
DOI
10.1016/j.jse.2020.10.008
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8687
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2461391833&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Increased%20expression%20of%20macrophages%20and%20inflammatory%20cytokines%20at%20tendon%20origin%20in%20patients%20with%20chronic%20lateral%20epicondylitis&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY
Location
미국
Language
한국어
ISSN
1058-2746
Citation Volume
30
Citation Number
30
Citation Start Page
1487
Citation End Page
1493
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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