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Retear bigger than preoperative tear size would lead to treatment failure after rotator cuff repair

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Abstract
Background: This study aimed to (1) define treatment failure using the referred patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) values for pain visual analog scale (PVAS), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES), and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) clinical scores and (2) identify the factors that lead to patient dissatisfaction after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR).

Methods: We analyzed the arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery registry data from January 2015 to December 2016. Patients were followed for ≥2 years and categorized as dissatisfied or satisfied based on our own definition of treatment failure at 2 years postoperatively. For defining treatment failure, the referred PASS values for the PVAS, ASES, and SANE scores were used. Patients who failed to attain the PASS value for the PVAS, ASES, or SANE score were categorized into the dissatisfied group. Pre- and postoperative imaging and basic demographic data were compared between groups. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors affecting patient satisfaction at 2 years after rotator cuff repair.

Results: Of 117 patients, 30 (25.6%) were defined as the dissatisfied group (mean follow-up period, 37.5 months). Seventeen patients (14.5%) had confirmed retear on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. In the univariate analysis, sex significantly differed between the groups (female, satisfied vs. dissatisfied groups: 39 [44.8%] vs. 22 [73.3%]; P = .010). Retear alone did not affect patient satisfaction in the univariate analysis (P = .11). Progressed retear size featured a significantly higher risk of patient dissatisfaction (P = .024; odds ratio 6.430, 95% confidence interval 1.270-32.541) in the multivariable analysis using symptom duration, sex, preoperative ASES score, preoperative tear size, retear, and progressed retear size as variables. Moreover, female sex had an increased odds for dissatisfaction (odds ratio 4.646, 95% confidence interval 1.590-13.578; P = .005).

Conclusion: Two years after ARCR, most patients (74.4%) reported satisfaction with their outcomes. However, satisfaction levels can be altered by female sex or progressed retear size compared with the preoperative state.
Author(s)
고경환전인호Dong Min KimErica KholinneEui Sup LeeHyojune KimJeong Hee parkWeal Mohammed Alzahrani
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
American Shoulder and Elbow SurgeonsClinical outcomeDissatisfactionRetear sizeRotator cuff retearSingle Assessment Numeric Evaluation
DOI
10.1016/j.jse.2021.07.012
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8702
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2563425470&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Retear%20bigger%20than%20preoperative%20tear%20size%20would%20lead%20to%20treatment%20failure%20after%20rotator%20cuff%20repair&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF SHOULDER AND ELBOW SURGERY
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
1058-2746
Citation Volume
2021
Citation Number
9
Citation Start Page
1
Citation End Page
8
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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