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Accuracy of automated identification of lateral cephalometric landmarks using cascade convolutional neural networks on lateral cephalograms from nationwide multi-centres

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Abstract
-------------e-pub(21.11.2)----------------
Objective
To investigate the accuracy of automated identification of cephalometric landmarks using the cascade convolutional neural networks (CNN) on lateral cephalograms acquired from nationwide multi-centres.

Settings and sample population
A total of 3150 lateral cephalograms were acquired from 10 university hospitals in South Korea for training.

Materials and Methods
We evaluated the accuracy of the developed model with independent 100 lateral cephalograms as an external validation. Two orthodontists independently identified the anatomic landmarks of the test data set using the V-ceph software (version 8.0, Osstem, Seoul, Korea). The mean positions of the landmarks identified by two orthodontists were regarded as the gold standard. The performance of the CNN model was evaluated by calculating the mean absolute distance between the gold standard and the automatically detected positions. Factors associated with the detection accuracy for landmarks were analysed using the linear regression models.

Results
The mean inter-examiner difference was 1.31 ± 1.13 mm. The overall automated detection error was 1.36 ± 0.98 mm. The mean detection error for each landmark ranged between 0.46 ± 0.37 mm (maxillary incisor crown tip) and 2.09 ± 1.91 mm (distal root tip of the mandibular first molar). A significant difference in the detection accuracy among cephalograms was noted according to hospital (P = .011), sensor type (P < .01), and cephalography machine model (P < .01).

Conclusion
The automated cephalometric landmark detection model may aid in preliminary screening for patient diagnosis and mid-treatment assessment, independent of the type of the radiography machines tested.
Author(s)
김재롱백승학김인환김윤지김민지조진형강경화홍미희임성훈김수정김영호김남국성상진
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
과제신청 관계로 E-pub 사전 승인함 AnalysisAnatomic LandmarksArtificial intelligenceCephalometryconvolutional neural networksdeep learningHospitalsHumansMedical careNeural networksNeural NetworksComputerQuality managementRadiographyReproducibility of ResultsSensors
DOI
10.1111/ocr.12493
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8734
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_2525650718&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Accuracy%20of%20automated%20identification%20of%20lateral%20cephalometric%20landmarks%20using%20cascade%20convolutional%20neural%20networks%20on%20lateral%20cephalograms%20from%20nationwide%20multi-centres&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Location
영국
Language
한국어
ISSN
1601-6335
Citation Volume
2021
Citation Number
00
Citation Start Page
0
Citation End Page
0
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Medicine
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