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HVAC operation schemes and commissioning process resolving stack effect problem and adjusting according to changes in the environment: a case study in high-rise building in South Korea

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Alternative Title
HVAC operation schemes and commissioning process resolving stack effect problem and adjusting according to changes in the environment: a case study in high-rise building in South Korea
Abstract
Various problems often arise in high-rise buildings during the winter months due to the stack effect. In this study, the high-rise building of interest, located in South Korea, was experiencing constant loud noises in the winter due to the stack effect. Thus, we created a noise level reduction plan by creating a method for pressurizing the high-rise zones of the building according to outdoor conditions. To discover the appropriate pressurization operating modes, we applied a two-year commissioning process to the 50-story building of interest. The 1st- and 47th-floor elevator halls were identified to have the highest noise levels of all other floors. Prior to applying the reduction plan, the maximum noise level on the first floor with the HVAC system turned off was 85 dB(A) and with the HVAC system turned on it was 70 dB(A). Both values exceeded the criteria of 57 dB(A) for a lobby space of a commercial building. In the case of the 47th floor, the maximum noise level with the HVAC system turned off was 58.7 dB(A) and with the HVAC system turned off was 56.0 dB(A), despite the latter having increased airtightness performance and applying preliminary pressurization (i.e., HVAC operation mode 2). These values exceeded the criteria of 48 dB(A) for an elevator hall in a commercial building. Following this initial data, we determined to pressurize the high/mid-rise zones of the building according to the outdoor air temperature and wind velocity conditions, which we categorized into four types (i.e., HVAC operation mode 4). To this effect, the first-floor elevator hall’s maximum noise level was 56.6 dB(A), meeting the criteria, and the 47th-floor elevator hall’s maximum noise level was 49.5 dB(A), still exceeding the criteria but by an insignificant amount. Although the HVAC pressurization operation we utilized resulted in favorable results for the target building A, it may not be as effective in other new high-rise buildings, creating changes to the indoor air environment or to the energy costs in maintaining a building. However, for the purposes of resolving the stack effect, we believe that the commissioning process we took to optimize the HVAC operation that is presented here can be applied to other new and existing high-rise commercial buildings.
Author(s)
Jungyeon YuAngie KimSanghwan BaeDongwoo Cho김기한
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
commissioning processhigh-rise buildingsHVAC pressurizationoutdoor conditionsstack effect
DOI
10.3390/en14082299
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/8785
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_doaj_primary_oai_doaj_org_article_5d3742a570b3404e87ee947268df23c4&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,HVAC%20operation%20schemes%20and%20commissioning%20process%20resolving%20stack%20effect%20problem%20and%20adjusting%20according%20to%20changes%20in%20the%20environment:%20a%20case%20study%20in%20high-rise%20building%20in%20South%20Korea&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
Energies
Location
스위스
Language
영어
ISSN
1996-1073
Citation Volume
14
Citation Number
8
Citation Start Page
2299
Citation End Page
2299
Appears in Collections:
Engineering > Architectural Engineering
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