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Effect of Ground Freezing with Liquid Nitrogen on Freezing Rate and Mechanical Properties of Coastal Clayey Silt

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Abstract
The artificial ground freezing (AGF) method is an environmentally friendly ground improvement technique for numerous geotechnical applications. It can be used in fine-grained soils, which may not be efficiently improved via conventional cement-based ground improvement techniques. However, some of the issues hindering the application of the AGF method to fine-grained soils include inefficiency in achieving the target volume of frozen soil and degradation in mechanical properties of the soil after the freezing-thawing process. In this paper, the freezing rate and degradation in strength and stiffness of a clayey silt in South Korea were investigated using field experiments. At two different outlet temperatures (-180 degrees C and -120 degrees C), liquid nitrogen was injected into the freezing pipe to evaluate the freezing rate. A simple equation to estimate the theoretical radial freezing rate was proposed and compared with the experimental results. In addition, a piezocone penetration test (CPTu) and pressuremeter test (PMT) were performed to assess the degradation in strength and stiffness of the soil after the freezing-thawing process. Results of the CPTu, PMT, and laboratory experiments revealed that the degradation in mechanical properties of Korean clayey silt could be attributed to the rearrangement of soil particles. (C) 2021 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Author(s)
원종묵이동섭이효범최항석최현준
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Clayey siltFreezing-thawingLiquid nitrogenFreezing rateDegradation in mechanical properties
DOI
10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0001974
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/9205
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_crossref_primary_10_1061__ASCE_EM_1943_7889_0001974&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Effect%20of%20Ground%20Freezing%20with%20Liquid%20Nitrogen%20on%20Freezing%20Rate%20and%20Mechanical%20Properties%20of%20Coastal%20Clayey%20Silt&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MECHANICS
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
0733-9399
Citation Volume
147
Citation Number
9
Citation Start Page
04021057
Citation End Page
04021057
Appears in Collections:
Engineering > Civil and Environmental Engineering
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