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Chronological change of resource metabolism and decarbonization patterns in Pakistan

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Abstract
With economic growth in many developing countries, not all are making similar
progress with regard to material and environmental efficiencies. This study examines
material use and CO2 emission patterns and intensities from 1971 to 2015 in a typical developing country, Pakistan, and investigates national-level and multi-countrylevel efficiency improvements using data envelopment analysis. The results are used
to derive key policy insights for a sustainable economic transition with higher resource
and carbon efficiencies. Results show that material intensity has reduced by 39.1%
while CO2 intensity has risen by 21.5% in the country. Pakistan, when compared with
its top 10 export countries, was relatively more material and CO2 intensive. Nationallevel efficiency was found to be low in most of the periods due to material/energy
intensive agriculture and industries, low value-added exports, etc. Insights from the
national-level efficiency analysis indicate that surging CO2 intensities have started
to decline since 2010 and the economy has greatly stabilized. Multi-country analysis revealed that the efficiency gap between Pakistan and its developed export countries (such as the United Kingdom and France) has widened during the study period.
Insights from the multi-country analysis suggest that the economic growth and industrialization improves material and environmental efficiencies to some extent, yet these
improvements are not equally distributed among all countries. As a way forward, integrated policies on sustainable resource consumption, carbon mitigation, and economic
growth are necessary for accruing higher benefits from rising global trade and resource
connectedness.
Author(s)
박흥석샤 이자르 후세인
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
data envelopment analysisdeveloping countriesindustrial ecologymaterial flow accountingregional ecosystemsresource metabolism(2020A01334)
DOI
10.1111/jiec.13060
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/9253
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_gale_infotracacademiconefile_A653945103&context=PC&vid=ULSAN&lang=ko_KR&search_scope=default_scope&adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&tab=default_tab&query=any,contains,Chronological%20change%20of%20resource%20metabolism%20and%20decarbonization%20patterns%20in%20Pakistan&offset=0&pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
1088-1980
Citation Volume
25
Citation Number
1
Citation Start Page
144
Citation End Page
161
Appears in Collections:
Engineering > Civil and Environmental Engineering
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