KLI

스포츠 영재는 스포츠형 두뇌를 갖고 있을까? 스포츠 영재와 일반아동의 인지기능과 손가락길이비율 분석

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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to clarify the sports intelligence factors specialized to sports giftedness by examining the difference in cognitive functions between sports gifted and general children.
Participants were thirty-one sports gifted and thirty general children of the same age. Sports intelligence was evaluated by information processing speed, visual-spatial ability, cognitive flexibility and executive function. Simple, choice, and whole body response time tests were used to measure information processing speed, trail-making test to measure visual-spatial ability and cognitive flexibility, and flanker test to measure inhibitory control of executive function. As the result, relative to general students, sport gifted children showed faster whole-body response time. The score obtained by subtracting simple reaction time from whole body reaction time in sport gifted children was not only lower than that of general children, but also showed a negative(-) score, indicating that reaction using gross muscle was faster than the reaction using fine muscle in sports gifted children. The sports gifted children showed lower errors during visual-spatial test. The rapid information processing speed of movement using whole body and the accuracy of visual-spatial performance seem to be cognitive characteristics of sports giftedness.
Author(s)
권준형이건영우민정
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
sports intelligencesport giftednesscognitive functioninformation processing speed
DOI
10.35159/kjss.2021.12.30.6.227
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/9408
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Publisher
한국체육과학회지
Location
대한민국
Language
한국어
ISSN
1226-0258
Citation Volume
30
Citation Number
6
Citation Start Page
227
Citation End Page
239
Appears in Collections:
Natural Science > Sport Science
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