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Intolerability to postoperative early oral nutrition in older patients (>= 70 years) undergoing gastrectomy for gastric cancer: A case-control study

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Abstract
Background Postoperative early oral nutrition has increasingly been adopted for patients undergoing gastrectomy. However, intolerability to early oral nutrition remains a major concern, especially in older patients. This study aimed to investigate early oral nutrition intolerability in older patients who had undergone gastrectomy.

Methods We retrospectively reviewed 825 patients who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma between 2017 and 2019. All patients received an oral diet on postoperative day 1. Patients were divided into older (>= 70 years) and younger (<70 years) adult groups, and short-term outcomes and intolerability to oral nutrition were compared. Intolerability to early oral nutrition was defined as oral diet cessation due to adverse gastrointestinal symptoms.

Results Among the 825 patients (70 years, n = 286; <70 years, n = 539), 151 (18.3%) developed intolerability to early oral nutrition, of whom 100 patients were < 70 years old and 51 were >= 70 years old. The most common symptom causing intolerability was abdominal distension. The mean duration of fasting after developing intolerability was 2.8 2.4 days. The incidence of intolerability in the older and younger adult groups was 17.8% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.799). In terms of sex, operative approach, gastric resection, lymph node dissection, reconstruction, and tumor stage subgroups, the older adult group did not exhibit a significant increase in intolerability. Postoperatively, the older adult group showed a higher incidence of systemic complications; however, anastomotic complications did not significantly differ between the two groups.

Conclusions Postoperative early oral nutrition can safely be adopted for older patients undergoing gastrectomy, with acceptable intolerability and surgical outcomes.
Author(s)
장애리정오
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Early oral nutritiongastrectomygastric cancertolerabilityelderly patients
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0251844
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/9428
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_plos_journals_2529225455&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Intolerability%20to%20postoperative%20early%20oral%20nutrition%20in%20older%20patients%20(%3E%3D%2070%20years)%20undergoing%20gastrectomy%20for%20gastric%20cancer:%20A%20case-control%20study&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
PLOS ONE
Location
미국
Language
영어
ISSN
1932-6203
Citation Volume
16
Citation Number
5
Citation Start Page
025184
Citation End Page
025184
Appears in Collections:
Medicine > Nursing
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