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Growth and electrical properties of SnS1-xSex (0 <= x <= 1) single crystals grown using the temperature gradient method

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Abstract
Tin selenide (SnSe) has attracted much attention due to its record ZT value in both pristine and doped crystals. This issue has renewed interest in the single-crystal form of tin-based chalcogenide compounds which possess the same layered structure as SnSe such as tin sulfide (SnS). Due to their natural abundances and low toxicities, SnSe and SnS can be alloyed at reduced the processing cost while maintaining the favorable electrical properties of SnSe. In this research, using the temperature gradient method, we successfully fabricated single crystals of SnS1-xSex with 0 <= x <= 1. High-quality crystals were obtained, and the electrical properties of those crystals were investigated. The results showed that the p-type crystals have layered structures with lattice constants changing gradually according to Vegard's law. The value of the band gap monotonically decreased with increasing Se amount (x). The substitution of Se into S sites results in not only a large increase in the electrical conductivity but also a decrease in the Seebeck coefficient; i.e., the electrical conductivity at room temperature increased from 5 x 10(-4) (x = 0) to 5.24 S.cm(-1) (x = 0.8). The Seebeck coefficient decreased from 1069 in SnS to 525 mu VK-1 in SnS0.2Se0.8 and to 481 mu VK-1 in SnSe at room temperature. This work provides positive information for the growth of large-size SnS-SnSe single crystals.
Author(s)
응우엔 티 민 하이Nguyen Van QuangDuong Anh Tuan조성래
Issued Date
2021
Type
Article
Keyword
Single crystalsTin sulfideTin selenideElectrical synthesis
DOI
10.1007/s40042-021-00100-7
URI
https://oak.ulsan.ac.kr/handle/2021.oak/9529
https://ulsan-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_cdi_nrf_kci_oai_kci_go_kr_ARTI_9795781&amp;context=PC&amp;vid=ULSAN&amp;lang=ko_KR&amp;search_scope=default_scope&amp;adaptor=primo_central_multiple_fe&amp;tab=default_tab&amp;query=any,contains,Growth%20and%20electrical%20properties%20of%20SnS1-xSex%20(0%20%3C%3D%20x%20%3C%3D%201)%20single%20crystals%20grown%20using%20the%20temperature%20gradient%20method&amp;offset=0&amp;pcAvailability=true
Publisher
JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY
Location
대한민국
Language
영어
ISSN
0374-4884
Citation Volume
78
Citation Number
11
Citation Start Page
1095
Citation End Page
1100
Appears in Collections:
Natural Science > Physics
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