Study on Mechanical Bearing Strength and Failure Modes of Composite Materials for Marine Structures
- With the gradual application of composite materials to ships and offshore structures, the structural strength of composites that can replace steel should be explored. In this study, the mechanical bearing strength and failure modes of a composite-to-metal joining structure connected by mechanically fastened joints were experimentally analyzed. The effects of the fiber tensile strength and stress concentration on the static bearing strength and failure modes of the composite structures were investigated. For the experiment, quasi-isotropic [45 degrees/0 degrees/-45 degrees/90 degrees](2S) carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) and glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP) specimens were prepared with hole diameters of 5, 6, 8, and 10 mm. The experimental results showed that the average static bearing strength of the CFRP specimen was 30% or higher than that of the GFRP specimen. In terms of the failure mode of the mechanically fastened joint, a cleavage failure mode was observed in the GFRP specimen for hole diameters of 5 mm and 6 mm, whereas a net-tension failure mode was observed for hole diameters of 8 mm and 10 mm. Bearing failure occurred in the CFRP specimens.
- 김동욱; 서형석; 장호윤
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- composite material; bearing strength; failure mode; W/D effect; stress concentration
- JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
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